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The Nurse Practitioner and Physician Assistant - Term Paper Example

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The Nurse Practitioner and Physician Assistant

Studies reveal that almost 90% of patients are satisfied with the quality of healthcare offered by NPs and PAs and further validate that these healthcare providers play pivotal roles in primary healthcare through commendable services that enhance access, efficiency and quality of care (Atwater, Bednar, Hassman & Khouri, 2008). This paper seeks to explore the similarities and differences between NPs and PAs in terms of their education, scope of practice, prescribing authorities, and legal responsibilities. Education The minimum educational requirements for admission into PA programs are at least two years of undergraduate coursework in the basic and behavioral sciences. PA programs must be accredited by the Accreditation Review Commission on Education for the Physician Assistant. On average, an institution consists of 27 months of instructional and clinical content focusing on the care of patients over the lifespan (Ponte & O’Neill, 2013). Over the years “PA training has evolved into an advanced competency-based and accredited educational program, with the broad core curriculum content resembling that of medical school training” (Atwater et al, 2008, p. ...
involves inpatient and outpatient rotations in various settings including family and internal medicine, pediatrics, gynecology and obstetrics, general surgery, psychiatry, and emergency medicine (Atwater et al, 2008, p. 729).Contingent on the program, the PA student is conferred a Master’s, Bachelor’s, Associate’s, or Certificate degree. To attain licensure, all PA students take the same certifying exam administered by the National Commission on Certification of Physician Assistants (Ponte & O’Neill, 2013). NP programs, graduate programs based on the nursing model, are approved by the state board of nursing and are accredited by a national nursing accreditation body such as the Commission on Collegiate Nursing Education (American Association of Colleges of Nursing, 2013; Ponte & O’Neill, 2013). Dependent on the NP program, the average minimal requirement for admission is a baccalaureate degree in nursing or a baccalaureate degree in another field (Ponte & O’Neill, 2013). In either case, to begin the program, a student must first obtain a registered nursing (RN) license in the state the school operates. Additionally, majority of NP programs require the student to have at least one year of experience as a RN. Programs include two years of classroom instruction and clinical rotations; additionally students must undergo a minimum of 500 clinical hours to complete requirements (Atwater et al, 2008; Cross, Boukus, Samuel & Yee, 2013).Moreover, unlike the PAs, NPs choose an area of specialization. The aim of the curriculum is to build core competencies of nursing knowledge under seven identified domains: professional role, health promotion, disease prevention and treatment, health protection, cultural competence, managing and negotiating health care delivery ...Show more

Summary

TITLE NAME SCHOOL DATE Introduction The growing number of the elderly population and shortage of primary health care physicians have considerably increased the role of nurse practitioners (NPs) and physician assistants (PAs) in the United States (US). Cross, Boukus, Samuel, and Yee (2013, p…
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The Nurse Practitioner and Physician Assistant essay example
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