In this study a specific number of variables are studied. The data used in the quantitative research are based on various measurements with the help of structured and validated data collection instruments. Quantitative study aims at identifying the statistical relationship between variables. This type of study is focused on a narrow lens and tailored for testing specific hypotheses. Statistical reporting with correlations, mean comparison and relying on statistical findings is the crux of quantitative research (Qualitative versus quantitative research, n.d.). The process of qualitative research is dedicated towards exploring issues, understanding the phenomenon of the topic of research. Subsequently it aims at answering questions. The process of qualitative approach occurs in an everyday basis and takes place in and around every workplaces and study environment. For executing qualitative research, the approaches that are utilized are mainly analysis of unstructured data which includes open ended survey questions, literature reviews, audio recordings and searching of web pages and databases (What is qualitative research, n.d.). Among them literature review is an indispensable part in research and in nursing research it is of high importance. Importance of literature review in nursing research A literature review can be referred to as a critical summary of research on a topic. It concentrates on the ways in which the researchers address a topic. Literature review is a critical summary addressing various useful approaches of research. Literature review occurs in two preliminary parts . The first part is in devising a search strategy and secondly identification of various kinds of resources that will suit the information required for addressing the research question. Secondary sources are mainly preferred which include books, reference books, journals, conference papers , government publications and so on(Performing a Literature Review, n.d.). In nursing, research carries much significance. In the recent years a majority part of them is reflected towards the changing perception of the nurse’s education. With research initiation the nurses have become more prone to research and have found out ways in the improving the quality care provided to the patients. From the studies of Hungler in 1997, research allows the nurses in questioning their practice finding answers and thus applying them in their respective areas. Literature review acts a way for making the current study into the context of what is known previously. From that the decisions associated with the particular type of tool application for the best outcome of the patients is known (The Importance of Research to Nursing, 2012). So in this paper the importance of literature review lies in the fact that they will be able to help us in exploring the ways of treating HA- MRSA and find out the most effective and optimal ways of reducing the spread of HA-MRSA. Critical Literature Review From the studies of Kyale in 1995 for the selection of proper methodology things like the role of validity, reliability and generalizability are questioned. Within the study of naturalistic dimension the the philosophy of reality validating knowledge has been generally eliminated. There has been a generation of confusion regarding the association of rationalistic as well as naturalistic
1. Methodology For the production of a valid and comprehensive research, proper selection of methodology acts as an important device for synthesizing the research topic. From the point of Aveyard (2007) it is known that the application of appropriate methodology can guide the researcher as well as the readers throughout the journey of the research and will help them to come at interesting results…
The study attempts to find out if there is a written infection control policy addressing standard practices of hand hygiene, sterilisation & disinfection and waste management and verifies its effectiveness based on participants’ responses to the questions asked about those standard practices. It also investigates the staff’s awareness and behaviour about the policy implementation.
This research project explores the role of the hospital manager within the UK context. It shows how important the hospital manager is in harmonizing the hospital atmosphere. The research explores the topic to account for the rising numbers of hospital managers found within the UK, and gives some suggestions about the importance of these teams.
The main purpose of the research is to present that a beam is the structural member which carries load, which are many times vertical to its longitudinal axis. This kind of beams is generally used when the size of the beam is limited. The notations for detailing in both Iranian code and Euro code are same.
A team of stakeholders can also be selected to address the practice problem. This change would involve collecting internal data about the practice, collecting data that can be accessed externally for benchmarking with the internal data; refining the practice problem statement by linking the problem with possible interventions and what is expected as an outcome.
Vancomycin was isolated from Amycolatopsis orientalis. The emergence of multi-drug resistant strains of bacteria in the 1960s led to widespread research in antibiotics that could be effective against drug resistant strains.
In order to fully control the contamination of food, the implementation of HACCP in the hospital settings is an effective way in ensuring that the contamination of food in any way would be put to a minimum. Procedures such as frequent hand washing and the increase in focusing with sanitation maintenance is a brilliant way of implementing HACCP effectively.
Online databases such as Cochrane Library, NCBI / Pubmed, and Education Resources Information Centre (ERIC) were used to locate related studies. Using keywords or search terms or phrases such as “schizophrenia treatment”, “schizophrenia antipsychotic drug”, “schizophrenia clozapine” “resistant schizophrenia clozapine” “treatment resistant schizophrenia”, “resistant schizophrenia clozapine therapy”, and “resistant schizophrenia implications for practice”, a total of 42 studies were pre-selected.
The author describes factors of obesity, national strategy, social impact, health policies and other initiatives to prevent obesity. Child obesity has lead to huge publicity due to which the health specialists of various nations are focus on framing strategies and solutions for reducing the prevalence of obesity among children.
II. Background: The WHO guidelines for hand hygiene in prevention of nosocomial infection, especially C.difficile. A. Problem of interest: Changing Hand Hygiene Behavior at the Point of Care. B. Significance of the problem/purpose of the literature review: Hospital Acquired Infections (Nosocomial), especially Clostridium difficile are increasing in number, morbidity, and mortality.