Nursing Theory and Practice

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Running Head: NURSING THEORY AND PRACTICE Nursing Theory and Practice BY YOU YOUR SCHOOL INFO HERE DATE HERE Nursing Theory and Practice The Roy Adaptation Model The Roy Adaptation Model is one of the most viable nursing theories used in nursing practice. This model was developed by Sister Callista Roy in 1970, a practicing nurse holding an undergraduate degree in nursing from Mount St.


With actual nursing practice, Callista Roy recognized that in order to provide effective care, there must be several specific factors taken into consideration. These include psychological constructs of human behavior, socialization, physiological care, and inherent evaluations related to nurse self-concept, role function and interdependence on systems and teams. Roy began to see not only better patient outcomes by adopting this rather holistic model and its principles, but more dedicated and devoted nurses with strong self-awareness and emotional intelligence to perform adequate nursing care practice. The Roy Adaptation Model (RAM) consists of a series of inputs referred to as stimuli, control processes that include coping mechanisms, effectors which relates to nursing and patient self-concept, and the establishment of a feedback system to achieve maximum positive outputs in nursing care and practice and to reduce ineffective responses learned through observation and direct experience with patients. Why RAM is so effective is that it is practical and realistic, taking into consideration the multi-dimensional characteristics of human needs and values that are critical components to how patients will respond to nurses and how nursing caregivers will respond to patients. ...
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