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COMMUNITY ASSESSMENT AND DIAGNOSIS - Essay Example
Author : leonardschiller
Pages 10 (2510 words)
Human life and experiences are influenced by multiple factors, and one of such factors is health. World Health Organization regards health as a state of completeness in terms of physical, mental, and social wellbeing, and not just absence of disease or infirmity (WHO 1978 cited in Funnell, Koutoukidis and Karen, 2008, p.67). …
This definition regards health to be a holistic concept that integrates physical, psychological, cultural, and social aspects. Primary health care (PHC) is the new paradigm upon which attainment of holistic health goals has become possible. Public health care rests on attainment of good health through community empowerment, coordination, prevention, and health education (Funnell, Koutoukidis, and Karen, 2008). Therefore, Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion-1986 and Alma-Ata Declaration-1978, have become frameworks upon which PHC builds and operates. Health assessment and diagnosis is part of primary health care, and this is vital specifically in designing, packaging, and implementing health care programs and policies. Therefore, a thorough understanding of health assessment and diagnosis is generally important as formidable foundation to attainment of good primary health care program or policy.
Community Health Assessment
In order to have a thorough understanding of the community, community assessment has become one way of understanding and conceptualizing community. Vollman, Anderson, and McFarlane (2007) describe community assessment as an organized, orderly, and logical process that involves coordinated attempts to understand a particular community. ...