The Disease Called Polio

The Disease Called Polio Research Paper example
College
Research Paper
Nursing
Pages 4 (1004 words)
Download 0
POLIO INTRODUCTION Poliomyelitis is a Greek word that can be split into polio (grey) and myelon (marrow, representation of the spinal cord) (Atkinson et al., 2009). Polio is a viral disease that is caused by poliomyelitis virus on the spinal cord that in some cases ends up in lifelong paralysis or death…

Introduction

The causative agent was first identified in 1908 by Karl Landsteiner (Paul, 1971). Even though this disease had existed for several hundreds and thousands of years, it was not until 1880s that the disease became major epidemics as it began to occur in Europe and United States (Trevelyan et al., 2005). Since then the epidemic was wide spread and only in 1950s and early 1960s was the vaccine for this disease developed and it declined rapidly in the developed nations. There are still threats of polio in Asian and African countries. CAUSITIVE AGENT: POLIOVIRUS Poliovirus belongs to the group enterovirus and the family Picornaviridae. As a general understanding Enteroviruses are short-lived inhabitants in the gastrointestinal tract as they have stability in the acidic medium (Atkinson et al., 2009). The polio viruses are implanted in the pharynx and gastrointestinal tract of the infected individual. The three serotypes of the viruses are P1, P2, and P3 and there is negligible heterotypic resistance amid the three types. In other words, if a person has resistance to any one serotype, it does not mean that he/she will have signifi­cant resistance to the other serotypes. ...
Download paper
Not exactly what you need?

Related papers

Parkinson's Disease
The earliest known record of the study of Parkinson’s Disease is mentioned in James Parkinson’s “Essay on the Shaking Palsy”. The article describes the most common features of the disease which remain as the standard by which other types of parkinsonism are compared. The disease is mainly characterized by trembling of the limbs, muscular stiffness, and slow body movement. In addition,…
Is obesity a disease
The topic of the discussion surrounds a problem statement, that is, is obesity a disease? In order to answer the question raised in this paper, an attempt has been done to discuss the issue with two opposite perspectives. One perspective argues in favor of the problem statement whereas the other viewpoint disfavors the given statement. In addition, the paper also describes my opinion on this…
Genetics: Huntington's Disease
Patients with Huntington’s disease also develop dementia, manifesting as the inability to plan or organize. Patients develop poor judgment and impaired memory, with drastic effects on other psychomotor processes. In animal studies, mice with mutated Huntington’s disease gene are found to have excitatory synapses that cannot sustain transmission during repeated stimulation. This causes defects…
Alzheimer's Disease Research Paper
This disease is mostly known to affect people over 60 years and is substantially burdensome to those affected, their caregivers, and society in general. The exact cause of Alzheimer’s is still unknown. However, scientists have identified several risk factors that increase one’s chances of developing Alzheimer’s. Some of the risk factors include being above 60 years, family history, Down’s…
Disease process
It has been noted that diabetes mellitus is a major cause of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) which will include congestive heart failure, coronary heart diseases, peripheral artery disease, cardiomyopathy and stroke. The risk of coronary artery diseases and congestive heart failure is relatively high in persons diagnosed with diabetes than in those without. Risk is also increased in patients who…
Parkinson's disease
Damaging approximately 60% to 80% of the cells producing dopamine would cause its deficiency and consequently lead to the appearance of PD motor symptoms. The National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, NINDS (2013) refers to this brain cells impairment process as neurodegeneration. Prevalence and Incidence About 1 million people in the US suffer from PD with between 50,000 to 60,000…
Alzheimer disease
These neurons and synapses are lost when the individual begins to develop Alzheimer’s disease. The cerebral cortex and subcortical regions are impacted because gross atrophy is found in these regions (Pashek & DiVenere, 2006: p. 143). The temporal lobe and parietal lobe witness degeneration which can lead to the progression of the disease. AD causes specific brain regions to shrink which has…