Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery is a common procedure that restores normal blood flow to the heart, alleviating the painful symptoms of heart disease, such as angina. It typically results in improved quality of life, while decreasing the risk for heart attack…
d describes the planned interventions that are designed to provide CABG patients with the sensory-perceptual information they need in order to reduce their level of anxiety and increase coping skills. The project will be carried out within a hospital setting, utilizing all patients undergoing CABG who are referred by the cardiac catheterization laboratory. Each intervention is described in detail. Interventions will include a 12-minute video presentation, an informational brochure and informational sessions with the main researcher. At the individual information session, the researcher will adapt the information presented to fit with the cultural background, linguistic preference and health beliefs of the CABG patient.
Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery is a procedure that uses a healthy blood vessel to create a bypass, an arterial bridge, that allows blood to be routed around a blocked or diseased artery ("Coronary bypass," 2010). Typically the vessel used is taken from the patients leg, although vessels from an arm, chest or the abdomen have also been used ("Coronary bypass," 2010). CABG restores normal blood flow to the heart, which produces a variety of beneficial effects, such as decreasing the risk for a heart attack. Furthermore, in many cases, the surgery reduces the symptoms being suffered by the patient, such as chest pain and shortness of breath. The principal goals of CABG are to alleviate the symptoms of angina, decrease heart attack risk and prolong and improve the quality of life (McKenzie, Simpson and Stewart, 2010).
CABG is a procedure that is widely performed in all developed countries. The American Heart Association reported in 2005 that the annual procedure rate in the US was over 515,000 (Gallagher and McKinley, 2009). The procedure has a relatively low mortality rate and been proven to effectively alleviate the symptoms of angina (Gallagher and McKinley, 2009). Nevertheless, psychological problems, such as the development of anxiety ...
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CHD is caused by the accumulation of plaque, a substance that constitutes of calcium, cholesterol, fat and other blood substances (Nih.gov, 2010). Diabetes, high blood pressure, smoking, old age (over 55 years for women and over 45 years for men), elevated cholesterol, among others can accelerate the accumulation of plaque.
It typically results in improved quality of life, while decreasing the risk for heart attack. However, it is common for CABG patients to experience anxiety, which can lead to depression, and poor psychological adjustment may lead to increased risk for adverse events and poor patient outcomes.
A person undergoing any surgery faces stress and anxiety and coronary artery bypass surgery being a major surgery increase the risk. Even though, coronary bypass surgery is a commonly performed surgical procedure, it is known to be a stressful event for patients.
With rapid globalization, in many parts of the world, this is increasingly becoming the typical picture, and this disease is the most prevalent serious disease in elderly individuals of the developed Western nations. Therefore, in this context, it would be worthwhile to examine how this disease develops and how it manifests itself.
The optic nerves transmit visual signals from the right side of the visual field to the lateral geniculate body in the left hemisphere of the brain, while signals from the left visual field are transmitted to the right hemisphere (p.118). Inter-hemispheric interaction is a vital mechanism for the transfer of sensory information required for perceptual processing, and such interaction generally involves the corpus callosum (Banich, 1998p.128).
ether an invasive monitoring system with cardiac surgeries like PAC is more beneficial than non-invasive monitoring system continues to be a divisive topic in debates. Many researchers have studied the use of PAC during cardiac anaesthesia and have come up with many advantages
These have desirable implications for the quality and accuracy of diagnoses of related heart conditions, including the ability of data gathered to be used for quantitative analyses. Advances in MCE likewise lend themselves to being applied in the imaging of other
One of the methods of screening is blood pressure, the main purpose of this method is to assist in the detection of risk factors in the early stages before they develop to be a cardiovascular disease (Hall & Lorenc, 2010). This is among the most
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