StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu
  • Home
  • Subjects
  • Nursing
  • Summary of Margaret Newman's and Rosemarie Parse's Grand Theories of Nursing

Summary of Margaret Newman's and Rosemarie Parse's Grand Theories of Nursing - Essay Example

Extract of sample
Summary of Margaret Newman's and Rosemarie Parse's Grand Theories of Nursing

The development of grand nursing theories helped to distinguish the discipline from the medical model, catalysed the extensive growth of nursing knowledge, and provided a framework for organizing nursing knowledge and nurse education curricula. Further, grand theories offer an alternative to practising solely on the basis of tradition or intuition, thus helping to professionalize nursing practice. Thesis Statement: The purpose of this paper is to summarise Margaret Newman’s and Rosemarie Parse’s grand nursing theories, examining their aim, their application to patient care and nursing, their key elements, and their strengths and weaknesses. Margaret Newman’s Theory of Health as Expanding Consciousness Margaret Newman’s 1990 theory of health as expanding consciousness arose from her insights on long-term illness. She believed that through the invalid’s expansion of consciousness, they gained a deeper appreciation for life and more meaningful relationships. This abstract model required recognition of the life pattern, acceptance of illness as part of the life pattern, and health as an expansion of consciousness. The pattern of expanding consciousness evolves irrespective of the form or direction it may take. Through this realization, illness and disease lose their demoralizing power (Rich, 2011). The theorist believed that the focus of nursing is on the nurse-patient relationship. Pattern-recognition is the key element of nursing practice and interventions. The more expanded the consciousness of the nurses, the more readily they are able to enter a transformative relationship with clients, to help the latter regain health by minimizing disease and emphasizing health (Newman, 1999). The purpose of this theory of health as expanding consciousness, is to underscore the human experiences of transformation through time and space to a more highly organized pattern of the whole. Newman’s perspective of health and illness as a unitary process moving through variations of order-disorder, was built on Rogers’ 1970 life process model with a holistic and unitary view of humans, and from Young’s idea of the acceleration of evolution of consciousness. According to Newman, consciousness pertained to all information of a system that related to its capacity to interact with its environment. “Consciousness as the essence of all things that exist, including humans” (Kim, 2006, p.297), is a part of time and space, and is reflected in movement. Newman’s theory considers health as a synthesis of the fusion of disease and non-disease, that is health consists of both wellness and illness. Disease and nondisease form “a larger wholeness that takes on a new and different form that is not diminished by illness” (Rich, 2011, p.290); this health creates a more inclusive consciousness. Therefore, the key characteristics of Newman’s theoryare: Health includes illness or patholgy; these pathological conditions are a manifestation of the total pattern of the individual; the pattern of the individual that eventually establishes itself as pathology existed as a primary feature before the occurrence of structural or functional changes; by removing the pathology the individual’s pattern cannot be changed; “if becoming ill is the only way an individual’s pattern can manifest itself, then that is health for that person” ...Show more


Summary of Margaret Newman’s and Rosemarie Parse’s Grand Theories of Nursing Introduction to Grand Theories of Nursing The three commonly used levels of nursing theory are: grand nursing theories, middle-range theories and micro or practice theories. The levels are related to the theory’s degree of abstraction in its purpose, concept, and definitional components…
Author : tonidietrich
Summary of Margaret Newmans and Rosemarie Parses Grand Theories of Nursing essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"Summary of Margaret Newman's and Rosemarie Parse's Grand Theories of Nursing"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Related Essays

Evaluating nursing practice through theories and models
The paper looks at nursing models and theories and in particular addresses the Florence Nightingales Legacy of Caring; Orem Theory and Paplau's Theory and points out their underlying theoretical and evidence base for each of them. The strengths and weakness of each of these theories are also discussed.
17 pages (4250 words) Essay
Rosemarie Zagarri, A Woman's Dilemma
The action is usually taken to benefit the minority in the community by counteracting the historical effects of discrimination that are rooted. The laid down policies do focus on various sectors such as health programs, employment as well as education and public contracting.
3 pages (750 words) Essay
Nursing Theories Essay
In this assignment, three theories, namely, "Human Becoming Theory", "Theory of Illness Trajectory" and "Theory of Comfort" will be compared on different parameters, and findings from this analysis would be used to examine whether these can guide practice.
10 pages (2500 words) Essay
Nursing Theories
All of which require at least a basic delineation of health and illness as the two almost always come together when discussed (Bultemeier et al., 1998). Most nursing theories are based in one of the core concepts of health and illness where the whole gamut of well-being and caring originate.
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
There is an emphasis at present on the development and use of midrange theory in nursing. If one accepts the premise the grand theories of nursing are no long
The greater concerns for consumer confidence, quality graduate education, and clear outcomes mandates that a more coherent and consistent set of standards are articulated. Grand Theory emphasizes a global viewpoint with a board perspective of nursing practice, and a distinct nursing perspective of nursing phenomenon.
3 pages (750 words) Essay
Rosemarie Zagarri, A Woman's Dilemma
The laid down policies do focus on various sectors such as health programs, employment as well as education and public contracting. The term was first used in the US, and it was referred to as measures
3 pages (750 words) Essay
Margaret Thatcher
The author of the text comments on the significance of the politics of the first female British prime minister, Margaret Thatcher. It should be pointed out that her commitment to excel and enhance service to the common people motivated her to seek the top political office in the British system. Notably, her Christian family instilled Christian values of compassion and accountability
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Nursing Theories
There was a time that a client was presented to the health facility with some degree of mental health distress. To effectively offer care to the client, the use of the nursing process was employed. There
1 pages (250 words) Essay
Nursing Theories
The author of the essay mentions that an example of a middle-range theory that has been applied to nursing leadership is Jean Watson’s theory of human caring. Hence, the theory offers an ethical structure for nursing management, organizational effectiveness, and quality management.
1 pages (250 words) Essay
Nursing Theories
The two theorists have helped shape the study of medicine by providing a model that is unique for nursing (Hanucharumkul, 1989). Their theories define the four components in the nursing field that define the task of a nurse. These are person,
3 pages (750 words) Essay
Get a custom paper written
by a pro under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
Comments (0)
Rate this paper:
Thank you! Your comment has been sent and will be posted after moderation