Summary of Margaret Newman's and Rosemarie Parse's Grand Theories of Nursing

Summary of Margaret Newman
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Summary of Margaret Newman’s and Rosemarie Parse’s Grand Theories of Nursing Introduction to Grand Theories of Nursing The three commonly used levels of nursing theory are: grand nursing theories, middle-range theories and micro or practice theories. The levels are related to the theory’s degree of abstraction in its purpose, concept, and definitional components.


The development of grand nursing theories helped to distinguish the discipline from the medical model, catalysed the extensive growth of nursing knowledge, and provided a framework for organizing nursing knowledge and nurse education curricula. Further, grand theories offer an alternative to practising solely on the basis of tradition or intuition, thus helping to professionalize nursing practice. Thesis Statement: The purpose of this paper is to summarise Margaret Newman’s and Rosemarie Parse’s grand nursing theories, examining their aim, their application to patient care and nursing, their key elements, and their strengths and weaknesses. Margaret Newman’s Theory of Health as Expanding Consciousness Margaret Newman’s 1990 theory of health as expanding consciousness arose from her insights on long-term illness. She believed that through the invalid’s expansion of consciousness, they gained a deeper appreciation for life and more meaningful relationships. This abstract model required recognition of the life pattern, acceptance of illness as part of the life pattern, and health as an expansion of consciousness. The pattern of expanding consciousness evolves irrespective of the form or direction it may take. Through this realization, illness and disease lose their demoralizing power (Rich, 2011). ...
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