Hence reducing medication errors in the pediatric segment of the population is the challenge posed to healthcare service providers, particularly when medication errors among pediatric patients are preventable (The Joint Commission, 2008). Evaluation of why children are more prone to medication errors shows that there are several reasons. Several of the medications used in the treatment of children have been actually formulated and packed for adult use, and hence dilutions in concentrations are essential to make them suitable for use on children. For instance, conversion of adult based dosage medications to child dosages requires good mathematical calculation skills. The health care settings are based on adult care needs, and therefore deficient in training and skills required in the care of children. Organic functions like renal functions, hepatic functions, and immune functions are still in the development stage for children, which make them less physiologically tolerant to higher dosages of medications through medication errors. Finally, there is the aspect of communication, where young children are unable to communicate effectively regarding any affects the experience from adverse effects caused by the medications given to them (The Joint Commission, 2008). The risk mitigation strategies for medication errors to children involve strategies that are specific to pediatric patients. The Joint commission recommends three such strategies in a broad sense. The first strategy is to standardize and identify medications efficiently, which also includes the processes involved in drug administration. The second strategy is the involvement of pharmacy staff and other appropriate staff in overseeing medication management to children. The final strategy involves the judicious use of new and evolving technology on pediatric patients (The Joint Commission, 2008). There are additional recommendations of the Joint Commission to reduce the risk of exposure of children to medication errors. Weight is the basis for most dosage calculations and hence pediatric patients have to be weighed at the time of admission or at the earliest. Kilogram is to be used the unit of weight, and no high risk drug to be given till the weight has been taken. Inpatient and outpatient pediatric medication prescriptions have to carry the calculated dose and the manner in which the dosing has been determined. To the maximum extent possible medications given to pediatric patients have to be restricted to pediatric-specific formulations and concentrations. There should be clear differentiation between such pediatric-specific formulations and adult formulations repackaged for pediatric use. Comprehensive and continuous training programs in pediatric medications for the appropriate healthcare staff. Verbal and written communication on medications for children is to be provided to the children and the care givers, which will include any possible side effects. Pharmacist with adequate expertise on pediatric medications is to be available all the time. Medication procedures are to be put in place that also consists of pediatric medication prescribing and administration procedures (The Joint Commission, 2008). Clinical Practice Observations Smart infusion pumps are
Sentinel Event Alert Paper: Preventing Pediatric Medication Errors Introduction The Joint Commission Sentinel Event Alert, Issue 39, 2008, pertains to pediatric medication errors and the risk mitigation strategies. This paper summarizes the content of the sentinel alert and its relation to the actual practical experience in the care of patients…
The process of medication reconciliation consists of listing and comparing all medication orders of as patient every time a patient is admitted into a hospital setting, transferred within the hospital setting, or discharged from the hospital setting. In other words “occurs at the interfaces of care” provided to a patient (The Joint Commission).
Sadly though, it is not always that this noble aim gets achieved. One outstanding factor that leads to the failure of this all important healthcare expectation is medication error. Medication errors occur when drugs are administered either in a wrong proportion or of the wrong purpose to patients.
These include illegibly written prescriptions, dispensing errors, calculation errors, etc. Among the above cited errors, some of the errors are considered to be most crucial and they have considerable impact on the patients, for example, the monitoring errors and the administering errors.
This paper is going to evaluate in details the relationship between staffing shortages and medication errors. Staffing shortages and medication errors Introduction With the passing of years, the nursing industry has experienced a shortage in the number of registered nurses willing to work in the industry.
Most of the nursing medical errors occur when wrong prescriptions are made. When such errors are made, the government and the patients are the most affected. The former for instance may be asked to pay patients who have been victims of medical errors. On the other hand, patients’ health may either get worse or lead to uncalled for deaths.
The author explains that nurses are prone to commit an error in medicine administration, especially during the process of transcribing and administering. Nurses are usually assigned to copy the doctor’s prescription for the handing out of the correct dosage.
error refers to any preventable event that may cause or lead to inappropriate medication use or patient harm while the medication is in the control of the health care professional, patient, or consumer (Aspden & Institute of Medicine, 2006). Such events may be related to
This paper investigates one problem that practitioners encounter in the nursing profession.
One of the main duties that nurses have is administering of medication to patients, which is a pretty complex and multistep process. Administering of medication entails things such
2 pages (500 words)Research Paper
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