The literature review presents various literatures related to patients’ safety within the hospitals. The literature review presents the knowledge gap. Whereby from the review it is evident that researchers have conducted research on the issues of patients’ safety though, they did not conduct research on how to handle the issue of patients’ safety by the frontline medical staff.
The study took place in Alexandria University. The target populations were the nursing students within the insinuations. The study used convenience sampling procedures and the sample size was 400 clinical staff members working in the intensive care unit. The safety survey climate was used to obtain information from the respondents. Most of these institutions that the study was conducted in were government hospitals affiliated to Alexandria University. The study used purposive sampling so as to obtain accurate information.
The study used the following research instruments to obtain data from the respondents. The safety climate survey instruments which were in turn translated into Arabic for ease interpretations by the respondents. The responses from the survey were measured in a 5 point likert scale. The respondents were added another tool that elicited responses based on their job categories ages and years of work experience. The reliability and validity of the instruments was tested by relevant authorities with experience in research. A pilot study was conducted to improve data collection tools. The study used survey design in obtaining information this was appropriate in this research because surveys are used to obtaining people’s perceptions and believes.
Data was analyzed using EPI info statistical data analysis procedures, where data were cross tabulated and descriptive analysis obtained. The study found that the majority of the respondents conveyed a negative perception towards patients’ safety.