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Braden Scale for Predicting Pressure Ulcer Risk - Research Paper Example

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Pressure ulcers are a major concern when caring for old people in all settings. They are painful sores, which are quite expensive to treat, and can affect the emotional, social, as well as mental…
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Braden Scale for Predicting Pressure Ulcer Risk
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Braden Scale for Predicting Pressure Ulcer Risk

They include sensory perception, activity, skin moisture, mobility, nutritional intake, friction and shear. Each subscale measures the capability of the patient that cause high intensity and duration of pressure, or low tissue tolerance (Braden, 2009). Low Braden score shows that the patient has a low level of functioning; hence, high level of risk of developing a pressure ulcer.
The Braden Scale for Predicting Pressure Ulcer Risk was developed by Nancy Bergstrom and Barbara Braden, in 1987, and it has been in use since then (Braden, 2009). The aim of this tool is to help health professionals such as nurses and other health care givers to assess a patient’s risk of developing pressure ulcers. Braden scale measures the functional capabilities of the patient that cause lower tissue tolerance for pressure or high intensity and duration of pressure (Statts and Gunningberg, 2007). It is used with patients of all ages, as well as settings, and it is considered more accurate than other scales like the Waterlow and the Norton scales or clinical judgment are.
The Braden scale consists of up to six subscales scored from 1-4. They include sensory perception, activity, mobility, skin moisture, nutritional intake, friction and shear. One is for low level of functioning while four is for high level of functioning or lack of impairment. In total, the scores range from 6-23 where one subscale is scored with values of only 1-3. Each subscale measures the capability of the patient that cause high intensity and duration of pressure, or low tissue tolerance (Braden, 2009). A low Braden score shows that the patient has a low level of functioning; hence, high level of risk of developing a pressure ulcer.
Pressure ulcers are a significant problem in older adults who are hospitalized. For instance, in Canada, America and parts of Europe, prevalence for pressure ulcers ranges from 14% to 25% and frequency from 7% to 9% (Braden, 2009). In addition, about 280,000 hospital ... Read More
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