TOPIC: BLOOD INFECTIONS Blood infections are serious infections that are acquired by hospitalization patients who require intensive care (Ibrahim, 2000).Among the blood infections ,vancomycin resistant Enterococcus, ORSA and coagulase negative Staphylococcus are due to inadequate administration of antibiotics (Ibrahim, 2000).They are a major cause of morbidity and mortality in immune compromised cases and patients who have hematologic malignancies because they receive intensive cytotoxic therapies (Apostolopoulou, 2010).The use of medical device also has a consequence of introducing systemic infections consequently causing device related blood infections (Kojic, 2004) .Examples of these devic…
In USA, it has been reported that increased risk of developing blood stream infections (BSI) is associated with the increased use of central venous catheters (CVSs) in ICU patients especially when the skin catheter site is colonized by bacteria and fungi. This is a major risk factor for CVC infection. Other predisposing factors to infection includes; exposure to mechanical ventilations (Jerome, 2000). Patients receiving TPN are also at risk as they are associated with growth of other microorganisms such as Candida spp and coagulase negative Staphylococcus. ...
an be compromised, there is more exposure to different infectious agents, the hospital is forced to put more stuff for surveillance, prevention and control and this means extra cost. The nurses will also have a lot of work loads if there is under stuffing and more injuries such as needle stick (Stone, 2004). Nursing interventions that impact percentages of blood stream infection. Line management It may consist of daily inspection of catheters insertion sites, taking care of the site by changing the dressing if wet or soiled, time to time documentation of ongoing catheter, ensuring of proper application of CHG impregnated sponge on the insertion site, hand hygiene, using chlordexine during dressing of the site, appropriate flushing procedures, tubing replacement and increasing time allocated for CVC management. Other intervention that impact on the percentages of blood stream infections includes, educating of the stuff so as to make the nurses aware of evidence based infection control guidelines for inserting and also for maintaining of CVCs. This will help in prevention of nosocomial infections and empower them to stop catheter insertion if guidelines have not been followed. Putting in place a checklist will be important in ensuring that the nurses adhere to evidence based guidelines of preventing infections. Creation of a catheter insertion carts will be critical in ensuring that nurses obtain all the materials needed to follow the CDC guidelines for sterile CVV insertions (Guerin, 2010). Aseptic techniques. Aseptic techniques should be used during insertion and caring of intravascular catheters. Clean gloves are recommended for peripheral catheters while sterile gloves are good for arterial and central catheters. Aseptic techniques includes the use of mask, sterile ...
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“Bloodstream Infections Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1750 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/nursing/49787-bloodstream-infections.
Some of the vessels used for central line insertion include the aorta, pulmonary artery, superior venacava, inferior venacava, brachiocephalic veins, internal jugular veins, subclavian veins, external iliac veins and common femoral veins (Moe, 2012). In neonates, the central line is the umbilical vessel.
M., & Render, M. L. (2006). Using Evidence-Based Practice to Reduce Central Line Infections. Clinical Journal Of Oncology Nursing, 10(6), 723-725. doi:10.1188/06.CJON.723-725 Abstract: Central venous catheters (CVCs) are used commonly in a variety of inpatient and outpatient healthcare settings.
S. aureus has a very vast and major disease spectrum which includes skin and soft tissue infections, osteomyelitis, sepsis, muscle and visceral abscesses, pleural empyema, bloodstream infections, endocarditis and toxin-mediated syndromes such as scalded-skin syndrome and toxic shock syndrome and food poisoning (Crossley et al 272).
Central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs) happen when microbes get into the bloodstream by a central line (a tube that is inserted in a large vein to provide blood, medications, fluids, or to do specific medical tests rapidly. The long duration of hospitalization before catheterization, underlying medical circumstances, prematurity, area of placement of catheter or various other factors may result in increased risks of central line-associated bloodstream infection in patients.
Studies have shown that nurses have a significant role to play in preventing the HAIs since these negatively impact on the welfare of different people who may be affected. Mandatory and voluntary surveillance schemes are effective in dealing with the problem associated with HAIs and these should be properly implemented by the nurses.
iotics (Ibrahim, 2000).They are a major cause of morbidity and mortality in immune compromised cases and patients who have hematologic malignancies because they receive intensive cytotoxic therapies (Apostolopoulou, 2010).The use of medical device also has a consequence of
This plan focuses mainly on the prevention of central line associated-bloodstream infection (CLABSI). Therefore, it offers education to different custodians for the old men and women in health stations on how to deal with the diseases. As a result, the program
World Health Organization (WHO) statistics and data indicate that about 7-10 patients in every 100 hospitalized in both developed and developing countries contract HAIs. This research study will endeavor to find strategies for reducing the rate of hospital acquired
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper
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