StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

QRisk 2 - to use or not to use - that is the question - Essay Example

Not dowloaded yet

Extract of sample
QRisk 2 - to use or not to use - that is the question

2008)). Previously few other criterias like Framingham’s criteria to assess cardiovascular risk factors and QRISK1 are used so this new model is a point of discussion that either it has some significance in the developing era or not.(Brindle, 2011). This requires collection of data from several studies which have been conducted in the recent past to compare between these models.(Hippisley-Cox, Coupland, et all. 2008). Generally, they all pointed out that using QRISk 2 is not have similar effectiveness like the traditional previous criteria as the risk factors described in this score are not single most important risk factors for development of cardiovascular diseases but they have utmost importance.(Vogel, Bernitez, 2000). RATIONALE: Cardiovascular risk factors predict 5-10 year risk of development of cardiovascular disease as well as resulting mortality and morbidity from that. (Koenig, 2003). There are few cardiac risk factors which have been defined previously like increase age, male gender, smoking status, presence of Hypertension, Hyperlipidemias, Type 2 diabetes etc. presence of all or one of these factors leads to increase tendency towards development of cardiovascular disease.(Mola, Lloyd, 2002). There are few other factors which are recently developed. These include ethnicity of the patient, presence of rheumatoid arthritis, atrial fibrillation, chronic kidney disease and treated hypertension. Data shows that they also influence future prediction of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. (Collins, Altman, 2010). CONS OF QRISK2: By using QRISK 2, we can find out some high risk persons who are at risk of developing disease(Hayman, Kamau, 2009) It also provides benefit by treating the patients who are labeled as low risk by traditional framinghom’s criteria.(Mayor, 2010) Advantage of this system is that traditionally larger numbers of data can be included in the database. (Hippisley, Coupland, 2008) It is also the first study which uses so many factors as a risk of cardiovascular disease.(Parkes, 2010) Inclusion of ethnicity is also found to be important by some people as few diseases are more popular in a specific population (Giampaoli, Palmieri, 2004) Stroke is more common in older ones and poor countries. (Scott, 2010). QRISK system also addresses the problem of different effects on risk factors of increasing age(Vanuzzu, Pilotto, 2008) so they have introduced interaction variables between age and other risk factors to overcome this problem. (Cooney, Dudina, Graham,2009) PROS OF QRISK2: It results in superior age estimation in older age group. (Weirzbicki, 2009) QRISK over predicted the patients in only 0.4% of cases but it under predicted in 12% of cases.(Dalton, Soljak, 2011). It measures blood pressure and BMI accurately but cholesterol measurement is poor. A study shows that it measured cholesterol of only 30% people who are at risk of developing disease.(Thomas, 2011). Also there is no validation of events and everything is based on computer records. Patients are included at different times in this system. Most of the patients do not follow ten years data. This score is not validated in population other than British.(Chia, 2011). It also has another disadvantage. As it is using age as a factor for cardiovascular disease risk, it is unable to identify those who are at risk but younger. As compare to some other trials ...Show more

Summary

Q Risk 2: Coronary heart disease and cardiovascular diseases are the most common causes of morbidity and mortality in developing countries.(Dennisen, Hughes, 2009). Increase tendency towards disease in an adult is associated is associated with few patient risk factors that keep patient more prone to develop cardiovascular disease.(Chamnan, Simmons, 2009)…
Author : ryleeorn
QRisk 2 - to use or not to use - that is the question essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"QRisk 2 - to use or not to use - that is the question"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Related Essays

Substance use
Sympathetic nervous system is associated with the fight or flight response within the body. It has an effect on every organ of the body. The sympathetic nervous system dilates the pupil, increases the heart rate, inhibits gastric motility, and increases sweating.
1 pages (250 words) Essay
Substance use
The most common products are vitamins and energy drinks which are generally available over-the-counter (OTC) without the need for any doctor's prescription. These supplements can be effective only for the shorter term, such as the need for a quick weight-loss program, increased energy, longer stamina or endurance, a faster workout recovery time and attainment of a muscled body (Hayashi 1) but has side effects.
1 pages (250 words) Essay
Meaningful use
However, the benefits of the Electronic Health Record (EHR) cannot be realized without proper utilization thus the introduction of the “Meaningful Use” to standardize use of certified EHR. The concept of “Meaningful use” is one of the requisite requirements for adopted EHR as per the desire of Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS).
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Distance education comparing 2 educationalinstructional websites for use of medium
Many traditional colleges and universities are expanding course offerings to include several courses and degrees available entirely online (Robertson & Stanforth, 1999). The increased interest in distance learning has given rise to the imperatives of identifying the componential elements of quality distance learning offerings.
10 pages (2500 words) Essay
Everyday Use
Mrs. Johnson is financially not very sound, yet she is physically much stronger and bulkier than most women of her age are. “In real life I am a large, big.boned woman with rough, man.working hands” (Walker). She is an independent
1 pages (250 words) Essay
Substance use
Drugs anti-anxiety drugs like benzodiazepines, antidepressants and beta-blockers, but these drugs do not produce a long lasting effect. 2. One argument that supports prescriptive
1 pages (250 words) Essay
Assignment 2: Use Cases
The machine accepts the card and reads its serial number. Henceforth the customer is prompted to enter the password. The ATM checks for serial number and password validity with the bank system which then sends back a response. ATM inquires for the
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
Meaningful use
However, the benefits of the Electronic Health Record (EHR) cannot be realized without proper utilization thus the introduction of
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Conraceptive use
As oral contraceptives have been utilized by billions of healthy females, their safety for both long term as well as short term is a major matter that has been
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Meaningful Use
The EHR houses the patients’ demographics, medical history, progress notes, diagnosis, allergies, laboratory results and immunisation dates among other relevant data. This information can be shared across other health facilities and
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
Get a custom paper written
by a pro under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
YOUR PRIZE:
Apply my DISCOUNT
Comments (0)
Rate this paper:
Thank you! Your comment has been sent and will be posted after moderation