Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the most common viral sexually transmitted disease (STD) in the United States (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC], 2004). This research aims to report how young women perceive HPV including HPV causing cancer and whether their…
The descriptive research utilized a cross-sectional, survey design and included participants from four women’s health clinics and one university classroom. Three hundred and two women between ages 18–24 who could read and write English participated in two surveys. A health and demographic information questionnaire to collect the age, ethnicity, history of STD testing and/or HPV diagnosis, education level, race and relationship status details and a second questionnaire based on Representations of STDs (RoSTD) to survey the women’s beliefs of HPV were issued. The participants also completed a single item evaluating beliefs about the association between HPV and cancer.
This research has four major limitations. First, the study employed a cross-sectional research design, limiting the ability to find out causation. Second, the study used self-report data where participants might have biased their responses to establish social desirableness. Third, one half of the participants pointed they were seriously involved in a romantic relationship, a factor that is highly subjective and lacks the ability to directly measure sexual risk behavior. Fourth, the participants were highly literate, largely White, and limited to certain geographic locations, minimizing the ability to generalize findings to other ethnic, racial, geographical, and educational groups.
The findings of the study indicate that young women tend to misconceive the cause, symptoms, and chronic nature of HPV and also have negative impressions about the impact HPV diagnosis has on intimate relationships and mental health. Women who had never received STD testing or not diagnosed with HPV have more accurate and less severe representations about HPV when compared with young women with a record of STD testing or HPV diagnosis.
Assessing women’s impressions about HPV enables the development of treatment methods centered on patient needs and also enhances HPV management in individuals diagnosed ...
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Their joint study conducted a total 107 paraffin-embedded tissue samples taken from their pathology department. It is well known or well established in medical science that the HPV is an etiological agent for cervical uterine cancers (Mendizabal-Ruiz et al., 2009:189).
In general, genital HPV infection is one of the most common sexually transmitted disease which accounts for 50% of men and women contract HPV throughout their lifetime whereas roughly 80% of women are prone to HPV infection by the time they reach the age of 50 (Murthy and Smith 315).
However, it is not the only aspect in nursing's human caring (Krebs, 2001, p.55). It is important for nurses to preserve their caring practice in providing health care. Jean Watson is a nursing theorist that states the importance of the quality of interaction and relationship between the nurse and the patient (Krebs, 2001, p.55) This paper aims to discuss how exemplary health care can be provided through the use of suitable assessment tools combined with Watson's theory of human caring.
Since contact with someone who already has the infection is what causes another to develop the human papillomavirus, the virus is considered to be a sexually transmitted disease. However, not all cases of human papillomavirus are contracted this way. Human papillomavirus, though consisting of over one hundred different varieties, can be narrowed down into two main groups: non-sexually transmitted and sexually transmitted.
en alone, but there is still a strong feeling amongst men, even those ones in the most developed countries, which have enacted very progressive laws and constitutions, that women are not, and should not be equal to men (Kimmel & Aronson, 2011). However, this feeling does not
This topic is of significant interest to me since it concerns an infection that can lead to chronic illness, Cancer. The human papillomavirus (HPV) infection causes genital warts as well as warts in the mouth.
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