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"Explore how governmental health policies have been a catalyst for change within the management and treatment of Malaria in primary care services"
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This paper explores how governmental health policies have catalysed transformation of management and treatment of malaria in primary care services.
Eradicating malaria in the world is one of the top priorities of global health organisations and is a key objective of attaining universal health related targets stipulated in the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) (United Nations 2010). Consequently, both developed and developing countries have reinvigorated efforts to combat the disease that has remained a serious threat to health and wellbeing of people across the world for a long period. Currently, policies to control and prevent malaria infections form an important component of public health systems and primary care services play a pivotal role in their implementation. Some of malaria control and preventive measures include application of insecticide treated bed nets to prevent human contact with mosquitoes, indoor residual spraying with efficient insecticide and eradicating mosquito breeding habitats (Mathews 2011). Other measures include use of anti malarial drugs to treat the infection in all segments of affected population, including pregnant women and HIV/AIDS patients in addition to maintaining sustained malarial surveillance across the world (Mathews 2011). These policies have enhanced management and treatment of malaria in primary care service. However, before investigating impacts of government policies in management and treatment of the condition in primary care, it is important to explore the symptoms and causes of malaria and how they inform nursing practice.
Malaria is a vector borne disease transmitted by female anopheles mosquito. The causative malarial parasite is a protozoan of genus plasmodium (MacDonald 1997). There are five major species of malarial parasites responsible for transmission of ...
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Malaria is a tropical disease which is caused by Anopheles mosquito bite carrying Plasmodium parasite. Most effective measure to control the spread of Malaria is to destroy mosquitoes breeding sites by insecticidal sprays and the use of bed nets. DDT AND MALARIA ELIMINATION IN NIGERIA In this modern era, where Malaria and Poliomyelitis pose no major health concerns in any developed or developing country, Nigeria is still fighting the calamity.
The doctor plays the major role in saving the patient’s life. However, the doctor is never seen all the time around the patient. It is the nurse who spends more time with the patient looking after him. A nurse, even though considered lower to a doctor in degree, plays more important roles than a doctor.
According to United Nations (2010), malaria is a serious medical threat to over 50 percent of the total human population in the 21st century. In tropical countries, the disease is one of the most infectious and leading cause of death.
The author says that the use of the transactional and transformational leadership styles is most effective in effecting change within the public health setup. The transactional leadership style is based on the contingency that punishment or reward are contingent upon performance, it is also seen to be characterized by the creation of clear structures.
A considerable amount of research in the field of prevention and promotion in mental health has been reported during recent years, but most of this research has come from the developed countries with very little from the developing countries but the patients in the need of mental health are spread through all the countries.
The underfunding of public health sector resulted in inadequate health care in country. The centralization and rigid nature of planning in public health care and poor management is the main cause of health problems in India. As the funds for family welfare and disease control are less and large part of the organized public sector health care is to deliver curative care, the lack of prevention of diseases may result in out of control in checking the spread of them.
Moreover, consultations from routine general practitioners (GP) show that a quarter of these concern mental health problems and around 90% of the care comes solely from primary care (Mental Health, NHS England, 2006).
Primary care refers to services provided by patients' personal physicians, who are usually family practitioners, general internists or general pediatricians (Bodenheimer, 2006).
The government is promoting the need to keep the aged population within the comfort of their own home since Australia has only 2,900 government funded aged care homes and 200,000 operational aged care places which includes the
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