Influenza vaccine Introduction Influenza is a contagious viral infection that attacks the respiratory tract. It can easily be spread from one person to another through respiratory droplets. When an infected person coughs or sneezes, or if one touches a contaminated surface it is likely that he catches the virus (Goldstein, 2004, P.130)…
This is to control the seasonal influenza. Influenza vaccine is justifiable on the scientific and public health debate. The old people who are usually more than 65 of age may be at risk of getting influenza. There is a need to carry out a wide immunization to the aged. However, information available in some countries may be limited. The data have to be shown that the old people are at risk of influenza. This data must be collected and made available on the basis that they can be used relevantly (Steckel, 2007, P.90). The same old group has to be presented the same data so that they can understand that they are at risk. Education is a key for them. They need to know the facts about influenza. Development of projects for stronger promotion of influenza vaccine among the old for both their own benefit, and that of their close care-takers. Offering routine free vaccination to the old encourages them to continue. This can be done by setting up policies that will provide the old a better life when infected with influenza. Financial and administrative barriers should be removed because they prevent the elderly persons from receiving influenza vaccine, use of standing programs should be introduced. Strategies have to be set in place to ensure the implementation of successful influenza vaccine. Personnel projects staff that are to be constituted in each given area and solely be responsible for giving vaccines to the old and the disabled. Self- reporting strategies and data submitted by those are responsible for caring the old people. Giving priorities to the old and the disabled will encourage them rather than letting them act on their own. When it comes to administering the vaccine, the old should be well informed and provided with the necessary support. Those who are close should help encourage the old to take the vaccines and educate them that they will have a less risk of exposure to transmission of influenza. Providing free transport to the aged and help them get the vaccine at a lower cost, encourages them since they have less to struggle. Tracking of vaccines Use of administrative data This can easily be done by issuing labels and leaflets to patients who have been given the vaccine. This will help trace the amount and the use of the vaccine. In other scenarios, the issuer may wish to alter or change the name of the product so that it includes the unique code of the vaccine. Biological data This is done by an expert report or a current expert report. The following data may be used. Sampling and analyzing the composition of the vaccine, and use of clinical trial formula. Sometimes the advancement of the vaccine can be related to the manufacturing formula. This gives the actual formula of the vaccine effects and tracing. The copy of approved specifications of the vaccine can be recorded in a tabular form and then analyzed critically. If the vaccine has some sort of outcome, e.g. the passage level, then the same can be measured. Each of the working effects can be compared to the approved specifications. Stability tastes sometimes is essential for good tracking results. A monthly or an annual stability testing control is sometimes good to adhere. Clinical data A well- revised report or an addendum, which is related to the current expert report, can be used. In other tests of clinical studies, tracking of new vaccine is ...
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This study discusses the H1N1 flu vaccine, its formulations, applications, and its use. Its safety is also analyzed, based on current applications and usages. It also discusses how the vaccine has influenced health care today. Because some reports point out that the vaccine may be losing its efficacy.
Diseases such as small pox, typhoid, and polio are just among the few infectious diseases that condemned many people to death and left indelible marks of scars and disfigurations. A case in point is the polio epidemic that reaped the thousand lives of civilians in the early twentieth century.
Therefore, it’s potential to cause a pandemic needs to be assessed. This paper aims to do this. In this paper, we first analyze the H1N1 outbreak timeline followed by the analysis of influenza A (H1N1) itself. Since this paper aims to study the pandemic potential of this strain, we will take a brief look at the history of pandemics followed by a brief look at the phenomenon of pandemics.
Influenza viruses as noted by Wilson and von Itzstein are exceptional in the manner in which they cause recurrent epidemics that varies in their severity (165). These viruses have in past cause global pandemics that results in respiratory infections affecting people of all ages including children.
The paper has discussed the reasons behind influenza immunization and areas in which it has caused death to are numbers of people. Some of the worldwide health organizations that have made it a compulsory practice and a condition of employment have been listed.
There is no evidence to assess the risk of vaccination provided to protect influenza during pregnancy. Thimerosal, mercury containing the preservative which is present in most inactivated influenza vaccination is found to influence the appropriate neural development and may result in autism or teratogenic anomalies, mutagenicity and even fetal death.
The interruption of person-to-person transmission of poliomyelitis by vaccination is the primary goal of global polio vaccination. Polio vaccine has eliminated polio from most countries around the world and reduced the worldwide incidence from approximately three and fifty thousand in 1988 to two hundred and twenty-three cases in 2012.
The World Health Organization is the governing authority responsible for directing and coordinating health issues within countries belonging to the United Nations system. The site proffered issues pertinent to global health updates, crises, health standards and norms, policies and support in the assessment of global health trends.
Anti-bodies are a part of a human body’s defense mechanism that fights organisms carrying the disease(Boyden, 1966). Vaccination is the process of a person taking vaccines against certain diseases. Once vaccinated, the person is said to have active immunity until the duration of the effectiveness of the vaccine.
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