Not only this but also a teen’s exposure to cigarette smoke increases the risk of metabolic syndrome. Smoking during the teenage impacts the teenager’s overall health, lung efficiency, reduces concentration span as a result of which his or her academic performance is hampered. Youth is that period of our lives where our mind and body are at their peaks but smoking during teenage deprives one of giving one’s best performance in all walks of life (Hales, 2009-2010). The hazards of teenage smoking and its causes can be traced to the determinants of health as per the ecological model. THE ECOLOGICAL MODEL The ecological perspective on health includes individual and environmental factors. The ecological model stresses that for community assessment, it is important to look beyond individual factors and also incorporate organizational and community factors. As per the ecological model, behavior at the individual level is influenced by biological, physiological, psychological and emotional states. The psychological aspect of teenage smoking is that teenagers have it at the back of their mind that smoking makes them more ‘cool’ and mature. Many a times a teenager tries the first puff just to imitate his or her favorite celebrity. The social and cultural beliefs of family, friends and peers comprise of the interpersonal level. Smoking behavior of a teen is influenced by family: for instance if one of the parents smokes, then the child tends to smoke too. Heredity is the main biological factor: for instance women who smoke during pregnancy are indirectly making their unborn children prone to nicotine. These children develop a liking for nicotine and also show quick addiction. Friends are part family members and usually a teen is more influenced by friends than by his family. Many teenagers testify that their friends forced them to take the first puff (Harris, 2010). The physiological factors for teenage smoking will include nicotine metabolism and excretion. Cultural beliefs are very correctly depicted in the promotions of the Marlboro Man (McLeroy, 1988). At the organizational and community level, economic, physical and structural factors influence behavior. This level encompasses educational programs, mass media, counseling, support groups and organizational incentives. Public policy is another domain at which assessment can be done for a community. The Public Policy shows the state’s stance on health and related issues. For instance public service messages against teenage smoking and awareness programs come under public policy. Not only this but also public policy includes national laws for teenage smoking like a ban on selling cigarettes to a minor (Harris, 2010). Relationships with family, friends, neighbors, contacts at work, and acquaintances form the interpersonal processes which influence health behaviors. These relationships are particularly more influential in a teenager’s life as his mind is vulnerable and he tends to adopt common behavior in his surroundings. The way a teenager deals with stress is also influenced by these relationships. If an adult smokes excessively during stress than his teenage son would do the same under stress. If the same interpersonal relationships can provoke a teenager to smoke then they can also work as support systems in times of stress and rehabilitation (for smoking or alcohol addicts). However if a
INTRODUCTION Smoking among teenagers is a result of peer pressure, teenage blues, family problems or lack of social acceptance generally. Teenage is a very tender age when boys and girls are still growing physically and emotionally. It is said that character building starts from teenage and the children who go wayward in teenage can never be on the right track later in life…
Moreover, the economic tradeoff of smoking is also important, and needs discussion. Finally, the paper attempts to reach a conclusion about the policy recommendations, which can eradicate this social evil from the society. Acknowledgements I would cordially like to thank my professor for teaching me the basic reading, researching and writing skills, which have made me write this essay, which is detailed and well-researched.
The US Department of Health and Human Services Center for Disease Control (CDC) and Prevention stated that in 2009, 17.2 percent of high school students are cigarette smokers. In addition, approximately 3,450 young people initiate smoking between 12 and 17 years old, and around 850 become daily cigarette smokers (“Youth and Tobacco Use,” 2011).
The researcher claims that drugs produce changes in a teenager’s body that causes one’s body to desire the drug again to get the feeling, a process known as addiction; which is the hurdle that counsellors have to overcome. The main cause of concern is that parents believe its okay for their children to take alcohol.
In fact, there are few parents across the globe who admit that parenting teenagers is rosy and for most of these parents, the experience is not consistent and thus fluctuates between being downright possible and difficult.
The first lady, Michelle Obama, has also made childhood obesity important to the American people. Her campaign, Let’s Move, is geared to raise a new generation of children who are more conscious of their eating habits, and who become more physical (“Let’s Move,” 2013).
In spite of this fact being publicly known, still people are observed to continue smoking. This article focuses of one of the possible hypothesis for this prevalent trend i.e. showing smoking and tobacco in movies thereby influencing the impressionable youth.
To argue that cigarette smoking is a matter of personal choice, one should ask and then provide an answer to the question “When does smoking become a choice?” According to Kelly (2011), people’s lifestyles are as a result of the choices that they make in life and 99 % of all the choices made are completely within a person’s control.
nto a drug called nicotine, which makes the smoker feel they are unable to cope without cigarettes for more than a certain length of time when in truth. Some people think that smoking dose not causes disease. However, quitting smoking will protect your health. Quitting smoking
Individuals who begin smoking during their younger years experience increased health risks; for instance, lung damage, cervical pre-cancerous lesions, and bowel cancer. Generally, the smoking prevalence
6 pages (1500 words)Research Paper
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