Dorothea Orem was a prominent nursing theorist who significantly contributed to the nursing profession by developing a theory of nursing known as Orem Model of Nursing. Orem got the idea to develop her theory through her work as a nursing consultant. …
When she observed nurses in various hospitals, she found that while they generally were able to perform their job functions, they could not articulate the true purpose of nursing. Orem’s intention was to determine an appropriate focus for the profession that centered on individual patients. This theory was significant in the sense that it provided nurses with a clearer focus on what the profession entailed: helping those who were unable to help themselves due to their health conditions. This paper will give a biographical account of Dorothea Orem’s life and provide a complete description of the Orem Model of Nursing including the Self-Care Deficit Theory. The paper will include examples of how the theory can be applied in various medical settings. It will also discuss the contributions, value and relevancy of her theory.
The Nursing Theory of Dorothea Orem
Dorothea Orem was a nursing theorist who developed the Orem Model of Nursing also known as the Self-Care Nursing Theory. Orem's nursing theory states that caring for oneself is a basic human need. The duty of nurses is to design interventions to provide or manage self-care actions for individuals to recover or maintain health (Taylor, p. 74). Orem was one of the first theorists to realize that nursing is needed when humans are unable to care for themselves. She felt that “nursing is distinguished from other forms of care by the way it focuses on human beings” (Fawcett, 2001, p. 35). ...
in 1934 and went on to the Catholic University of America to earn a Bachelor of Science in Nursing Education in 1939 and a Master of Science in Nursing Education in 1945 (“Dorothea Orem,” n.d.). Orem’s first jobs were at Providence Hospital, Washington, D.C. and St. John's Hospital in Lowell, Massachusetts. Some of the positions she held included operating room nurse, private nursing, hospital staff nursing in pediatric and adult medical –surgical units and evening emergency room supervisor. In 1945 she began to focus her career on nursing education. She worked as the director of Providence Hospital School of Nursing in Detroit and continued this phase of her career at the Catholic University of America where she worked as an Assistant Professor, Associate Professor, and Dean of Nursing. In 1949 she left Detroit and moved to Indiana where she found a position as a consultant in the Division of Hospital and Institutional Services of the Indiana State Board of Health. During her tenure there she intended to raise the standard of nursing in hospitals throughout the state (“Biography of Dorothea Orem,” n.d.). Between 1949 and 1957 Orem was able to closely observe nurses and their work as a result of her position with the Indiana State Board of Health. As a result of her observations she began to realize that nursing required a certain way of thinking as well as a certain way of communicating (Fawcett, 2001). In attempting to develop nursing as a meaningful profession, Orem asked herself three questions: “(1) What do nurses do and what should nurses do as practitioners of nursing? (2) Why do nurses do what they do? and (3) What results from what nurses do as practitioners of nursing?” (Fawcett, 2001, p. 34) She ...
Cite this document
(“The Nursing Theory of Dorothea Orem Research Paper”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.net/nursing/60156-the-nursing-theory-of-dorothea-orem
(The Nursing Theory of Dorothea Orem Research Paper)
“The Nursing Theory of Dorothea Orem Research Paper”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/nursing/60156-the-nursing-theory-of-dorothea-orem.
These concepts are broadly defined in their metaparadigm, and such metaparadigms comprise of several major concepts.Such metaparadigms are considered to be the boundaries or limits of any practice. This is not much different in the nursing practice.
She was the founder of Orem Model of Nursing through which she imparted several principles to her students in the profession of nursing. Her theories mainly evolved around self-care which can be used in primary care setting and rehabilitation settings. Her immense contribution to the field of nursing has made her one of the imminent nursing theorists in the world.
One possible physiologic effect of pregnancy is the alteration of specific cytokines associated with inflammation, insulin resistance, and angiogenesis; which eventually lead to the development of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and preeclampsia (PE) (Thadhani, 2009).
Various nursing models that have been provided for by Nursing Theories provide a frame of reference in all the healthcare institutions. There are numerous nursing models or theories with each having its essential but integral parts.
Patients, or as Orem calls them, “nursing clients,” are human beings whose health problems have resulted in limitations that render them unable to participate in continuous self-care, or that result in needing others to provide their care. A
sing provision of this care or augmentation of their own self-care efforts" (Comley, 1994) The theory considers care of one-self and that of dependents as a type of learned behavior which causes regulation of the structural integrity, development and functioning of the humans.
diabetes mellitus; age of 35 and above; high blood pressure; history of delivering babies heavier than 4000g; women of Hispanic, African American, Native American, South or East Asian and Pacific Islands descent (Manzella, 2008).
One possible physiologic effect of pregnancy
arious hospitals, she found that while they generally were able to perform their job functions, they could not articulate the true purpose of nursing. Orem’s intention was to determine an appropriate focus for the profession that centered on individual patients. This theory
Therefore, proper understanding of the nursing theory will enable nursing student to able to formulate their own nursing models and theories towards helping and caring for patients Orem, Renpenning, and Taylor, 2003). Various
The nursing theories discussed in chapter 4 have some concepts, models, propositions, and definitions that involve making assumptions. Self-Care Theory by Dorothea E. Orem is my theory of interest which describes the functions of human body system depends on developed human structures. Everybody should have proper mental and functioning.
2 Pages(500 words)Research Paper
GOT A TRICKY QUESTION? RECEIVE AN ANSWER FROM STUDENTS LIKE YOU!
Let us find you another Research Paper on topic The Nursing Theory of Dorothea Orem for FREE!