The first is on the issue of disclosing all the information to the participants including all the risks of the trial or to just disclose the most important of the information and let the rest of the information be disclosed after the trial as a debrief. The dilemma comes in where the full disclosure of all the information to the participants may lead to some of them not giving informed consent and opting out in which case it will take longer to find others without any guarantee that they will also stay throughout the whole exercise. The lack of disclosure will lead to signing the consent and the trial continuing as scheduled (Gad, 2009).
The other ethical dilemma comes in in the issue of publication of the findings of the clinical trial. The clinical trial may be marked with several problems which may render the drug unfriendly to most people. If this information is released to the public through the findings, the drug may either be banned from manufacture and production or harm many people. On the other hand, the lack of issuing of publication will mean that no one will know of the drug and hence the whole process of research and trial will have just been a waste of time and money and hence a loss which many pharmaceutical companies cannot handle (Verdu-Pacual and Ponce, 2001). They therefore have to make the hard choice of risking the lives of people and a future lawsuit by publishing or cutting their losses and going back to the drawing board.
Lastly is the issue of patent rights versus the rights of patients. A patent lasts for 4 years at which point it is given to another company or group. Every company wants to maximize these 4 years in order to have covered the expenses of production and made enough profit to sustain them (Lo, 2012). The dilemma comes in where in order to be able to do this within this short time, they have to overcharge the consumers for the drugs which is considered totally unethical and even inhumane and especially if the ...
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Ethical dilemmas present problems that do not have a precise solution. This makes it hard for nurses to determine if the decisions they make in such a case are appropriate. However, ethical dilemmas do not have particular right or standard solutions. These call for the nurse to apply their knowledge of ethics, in order to come up with a solution that will not cause harm and that is ethically right.
The future outcome of the decision is unknown so every type of method can be tried to check the best output. Ethical dilemma normally offers the situation in which the responsible can be claimed for choosing the particular option. It should also be noted that in every option there are some negative effects and all the proposed options cannot be considered as imperfect but one has to follow one of them to achieve any fruitful outcome (Matzo & Sherman, 2010).
The managers are not expected to determine the medical necessity of patients (Toren & Wagner, 2010). However, case managers are expected to raise questions about the patient treatment and care without showing any bias. The process of striking the right balance between conflicting viewpoints causes them to encounter multiple ethical dilemmas especially in case of unnecessary or duplicative services (Icheku, 2011).
The ethical considerations facilitate proactive participation of the patient in his/her treatment. It ensures that patient is able to make empowered decisions based on informed choices and exercise his autonomy to decide about his own welfare. But ethical dilemmas often occur as the autonomous decision of patient, regarding his/her treatment, may clash with the opinions and perspectives of the healthcare providers.
Smoking Marijuana is an ethical dilemma that often every youth in the society has to come across sometimes in their lives. While smoking Marijuana has well known medical advantages that have been proven through scientific research, it is matter that conflicts with both the legal and the moral standards of a human being.
There is existence of ethical guidelines for most disciplines. It is acknowledged that qualitative health research often generates ethical dilemmas, and these are not easily solved by application of codes of practice (Cormack, 2000, 23-46). Any research study involves a number of different stakeholders, potentially including the research team and the institution for which they work, the professional organizations they may represent, the participants, the sponsors, policy-makers who may use results, various groups affected by those results, and the wider public.
Conflict of interest is one of the ethical dilemmas that face qualitative researchers. It occurs when a researcher yields to a secondary interest and it may lead to breach of fundamental ethical doctrines that
In such circumstances, the nursing staff may not be able to save the affected lives while respecting the autonomy of such patients. Such kind of conflict raises the ethical dilemma whether the important is to prefer saving a life or to follow the patient’s will. This
A clear example is the difficult issue surrounding abortion and the important judgments that an individual has to make when faced with such a situation (Naqvi & Daubeney, 2009). So complicated is the issue of abortion that until today, there has not been a general
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