An essay "Glomerulonephritis: Understanding Of Glomerular Damage Mechanism" claims that there are millions of minute filters exclusive to the human kidney. The fundamental responsibility of these filters is to clean the blood by eliminating any waste products which form urine…
According to Ponticelli & Glassock (2009), glomerulonephritis is not a single disease, but a collective name referring to numerous renal diseases. These diseases are associated with the inflammation of the glomeruli or kidney’s small blood vessels. Between the two commonly known types of glomerulonephritis, acute and chronic, some identifiable characteristics distinguish their presentations. Major disease symptoms include proteinuria and hematuria, nephritic or nephritic syndrome or both, and prolonged or acute renal failure (Namnalwar & Vijayakumar, 2004). The disease is present in patients with bloody urine, or hematuria, and low levels of urine accompanied by hypertension (Namnalwar & Vijayakumar, 2004). This disease is linked to damaged glomerulus lining cells owing to the destruction of the epithelial barrier. Consequently, the patient’s urine is bloody while compensating alterations may lower renal perfusion thus little or no urine production. Nephritic syndrome is evident in patients with high cellular levels in the glomerulus resulting in bloody urine, hypertension, and the lessened production of urine. Under severe conditions, nephritic syndrome causes end-stage renal failure. The major causes include rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis, post-infectious glomerulonephritis, and membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis. Major signs include edema in patients. Edema results from high urine protein or proteinuria with low blood protein and high-fat levels in the blood. ...
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