Literature Review Project Reminder: Five Matrices (Evidence Based Practice) Name: Institution: Introduction Even though Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) patients are more vulnerable to non-pharmacological management, research evidence points out that many of them may survive longer by using pharmacologic management…
Case management for the CHF patients is the selected disease process. In containing the disease, evidence-based guidelines recommend for education and counseling the patients on issues such as diet, physical activity, treatment intervention, social support, meeting spiritual needs, coping skills, self-monitoring, coping skills, and prognosis. Upholding clinical recommended practices reduces hospitalization among the patients. Being a chronic illness, congestive heart failure (CHF) is likely to be diagnosed among the elderly since the affected patients suffer for a long time. In many hospitals, in the US, it accounts for the highest admission cases, thus challenging the provision of ample medical care. This is coupled with the high cost of medication, beyond the capability of many patients, approximately $20.2 billion (Cheah, 2008). Discussion Among other cardiovascular diseases, CHF patients’ prevalence is much higher, causing anxiety among the health experts and caregivers. The available data indicate that the people suffering from CHF exceed four million (Anderson et al., 2010). Older people above seventy years account for approximately ten percent. In the United States, many hospitalized patients over 65 years suffer high cases of heart failure (Anderson et al., 2010). Therefore, the diagnosis is common among them, perhaps due to the advancing age and reduced immunity in their body system. CHF is also the main cause of death among the older patients, with male patients accounting for the highest percentage (Susan et al., 2000). Therefore, this research gives a comparison between non-pharmacological management and pharmacologic management of the disease. Matrix Table Citation Variables/ Key Concepts Sampling Design/ Method Instruments/ Data Collection Results Strengths & Limitations Critique Anderson, R. et al. (2010). “Development of a Congestive Heart Failure Protocol in a Rehabilitation Setting.” Rehabilitation Nursing, 35 (1), 3-30. The aim of this study was to determine if CHF patients suffer from a cumulative result of heart infections, pericadium, endocardium, myocardium, and other diseases, which affect the coronary artery system (CAD). Key concepts revolved around this most important research question: The sample included three hospitals in California, United States. The hospital capacities were from 150 to 450 bed spaces. 33 units from the three hospitals made up the entire sample. Design: Quantitative description was used to collect information about 500 participants. Method: Surveys were served for each hospital for the nurses to fill. The instrument used for data collection was observation and surveys. Notably, This was a quantitative survey containing fifteen questions. Data Collection was carried out for two weeks. ANOVA was used for data analysis. Eighty percent of the hospitalized CHF patients results from systolic dysfunctions of left ventricular system (22). The disease has bad effects on the human neurological system, sometimes necessitating surgical intervention to guarantee the patient’s life. Strength: Qualitative sampling is an objective way of doing research and normally leads to dependable outcome. Weakness: Since the nurses had to fill the forms on behalf of the patients, there could be some level of biasness. The number of hospitals under this study was only ...
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