Health promotion builds the capacities of individual members in the society to take charge over health determinants collectively in order to attain a positive change. The Ottawa Charter indentified three approaches for health promotion. These include advocacy for health to establish the necessary environment for sustainable health in the community. Enabling all persons to attain optimum health potential is the second approach and finally mediating between various stakeholders and interests in the society with the objective of achieving health. The three approaches are reinforced by five prioritized areas of action, included in the Ottawa Charter of health promotion. These areas include building healthy public policy, establish supportive environment for health and strengthening the community action for health. The fourth priority action area is developing personal skills and finally reorientation of health services.Health promotion is a broad and multidimensional approach that involves other stakeholders, besides the basic healthcare providers and this underscores the importance of building a healthy public policy. Health promotion policy places health issues on the agenda of policy makers in all relevant sectors and in every level. By so doing, it directs and increases their awareness on the effects of their decisions on public health. Building healthy public policy also enables the policy makers to accept their roles and responsibilities in the maintenance of health in the society. To create an appropriate healthy public policy involves application of diverse methods, including the enactment of laws, formulating monetary or fiscal measures, taxation and encouraging organizational change. According to WHO (2008), the approaches are coordinated leading to health, and improvement of
This paper "Advanced Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease" examines health promotion for patients suffering from an advanced chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The paper represents a detailed examination of health promotion, a depth analysis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease…
Although he stopped smoking (one of the major causes of COPD) 3 years ago, he has also been diagnosed with pulmonary fibrosis and mild osteoarthritis to both knees. Socially, Mick has a wife who is a receptionist and they have two adult children living locally, one of whom is 6 month pregnant.
This essay will make use of the best available evidences and strategies in meeting these needs, taking into consideration the ethical and legal perspectives in COPD health care management. This paper will explore the nature of COPD with reference to the case of a 75 year old patient diagnosed with emphysema and vascular dementia.
This restricts air flow from and to the lungs, consequently making a person experience shortness of breath. Converse to asthma, this restriction is inadequately reversible and normally gets increasingly detrimental over time. In addition pulmonary issues augment in incidence with age.
This essay analyses in detail the factors that could predict COPD disease including continued smoking and poor exercise capacity. The damage inflicted on the lungs over time, particularly due to smoking, results in the disease. To understand this disease, a comprehension of the working of the lungs would be critical.
COPD is the fourth killer disease globally, and it is projected that the disease will be the third cause of mortality by the year 2020. It is categorized under chronic illnesses with most of the patients being aged people. Research indicates that exercise improves muscle endurance and strength in patients with COPD that lead to improvements in daily life activities.
The author states that conditions that fall under COPD include chronic obstructive bronchitis, chronic bronchitis, and emphysema. Patients usually have a combination of these. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is estimated to affect 32 million persons in the United States and is the fourth leading cause of death in this country.
According to the dicussion clinical admissions data revealed that COPD was often associated with other ailments like abdominal tract aneurism and other heart ailments. Under this situation, needed surgery to correct the primary ailment becomes complicated especially in anaesthetic management.
The most common conditions that patients are presented with in medical acute dependency have been respiratory and cardiac diseases. It is therefore imperative to have an in-depth knowledge about the diseases. (http://www.frimleypark.nhs.uk/departments/acute_med/MADU_html) The disease presented in this study is Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease.
The majority of studies done to determine the efficacy of LTOT have been carried out in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder (COPD) (Weitzenblum, E et al 1995). As COPD progresses hypoxia
rette smoke that results to the production of large amount of mucous accompanied by wheezing, shortness of breathing, and tightening of the chest (Torpy, et. al., 2008; GOLD, 2008; National Lung Heart and Heart Blood Institute, 2009). COPD is a clinical syndrome of continual
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