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Relection on Total knee replacement surgery
Pages 3 (753 words)
Total knee replacement surgery Student’s Name Grade Course Instructor’s Name (20th, March. 2013) Total knee replacement surgery This is a surgical operation undertaken to replace a knee that is completely damaged either through injury or arthritis. The procedure was first undertaken in 1968, and from then it has proved to be one of the most successful surgical procedures in medicine, with more than 600 thousand people undergoing knee surgery in the USA every year (Bellemans, Ries & Victor, 2005).
After the knee is open, a four-step procedure is undertaken to have the knee completely replaced with metallic components, some plastic spacers and button, to enhance the normal functionality of the knee joints. The first step of the knee replacement surgery entails the removal of the damaged knee components, where the damaged knee cartilage on the surface of both tibia and fibula are removed, together with some reasonable amount of the underlying bone (Scuderi & Tria, 2002). This marks the preparation of the knee, for a total replacement, since the already damaged components are removed and the knee is now ready to take a replacement. This step is followed by positioning the metal implants. Here, the components of the knee; the cartilage and the bone surface, are now replaced with some metal components that recreate the surface of the joint (Bellemans, Ries & Victor, 2005). During this replacement, the metal components, which have been prepared to suit the natural knee components, are either cemented or pressed to fit into the remaining bone component. ...
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