The research had two groups, with one on the self-management services program while the other one was Non-SMS. The researchers assumed that the differences between the two groups were the result of the self-management services program. The research used Statistical Package for Social Sciences for Windows (version 16; SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL) as the main statistical analysis tool. Comparison of the two groups in the study relied on the v2 test and variance analysis. In order to estimate the time and ratings of the dialysis process, the researchers opted for the Kaplan–Meier method. These methods successfully helped control for the occurrence of confounding variables. The researchers minimized the occurrence of both type 1 and 2 types of errors by ensuring a careful calculation of a significant p-value that served as a guide in the rejection of either the null and the alternate hypotheses. The nurses charged with the role of data collection and entry did a diligent job because there was no issue of missing data since data was available for the 54 patients. Findings The researchers present comprehensive finding from the two groups with emphasis accorded to the statistical significance. In all cases, the p-value is provided and there is evidence of effect size as the researchers focused on establishing the differences between the two groups of patients suffering from chronic kidney disease. There is good user of tables and figures in the representation results. The confidence intervals seem reasonable in addressing the parameters for an unknown population. Moreover, the presented findings from both groups and variables considered suffice to allow a meta-analysis in comparison to different sets of data obtained from related studies. Discussion Interpretation of Findings It is evident that the researchers embarked on an extensive process of interpreting the presented results. There is an elaboration of the meaning and significance of measuring all the variables highlighted in the report. Apparently, the researchers have discussed the results within the framework described in the introduction. Therefore, the discussion exhibits relevance to the context of chronic kidney disease and the effect of the self-management services. The researchers have made a point of justifying all the causal inferences inherent from their findings. Evidently, all interpretations provided in the discussion section have a good basis contextually, making them well founded. In addition, there is evidence of consistency of the discussions offered and the research limitations. As expected, the research presented its unique limitations especially in definition of the effect size that highlights the difference between the SMS and Non-SMS groups. The researchers also paid attention to the generalizability of the findings to a greater population. Implications/recommendations The researchers highlight the implications of their study in accordance to the presented findings. It becomes apparent that the self-management services program designed to address the issues that the patients consider as critical effective in reducing the rate at which the
Critique of Published Research Name Institution Course Critique of Published Research Critique of Quantitative Research “The impact of self-management support on the progression of chronic kidney disease—a prospective randomized controlled trial” Results Data Analysis The researchers of this quantitative study carried out a thorough analysis that sought to address the postulated research questions…
The items are grouped into three main domains namely; research team and reflexivity, study design, and data analysis and reporting (Tong A, 2007). This method has been developed following the complexities associated with reporting fundamental aspects of qualitative researches.
Ever since the introduction of novel education modalities, such as e-learning, the conventional educational methods have undergone several advancements and are in an imminent perilous state (Gunasekaran, McNeil, & Shaul, 2002). This paper discusses the impending change that the literary world is about to face following the introduction of novel instructional methodologies such as e-learning, throws light on the concept of quality in the context of e-learning and focuses on the different methods of evaluation used to assess the effectiveness of e-learning as an instructional methodology in comparison to the pre-existing, traditional education instructional methodologies.
The research study was a method of bringing awareness to the frequency of such behavior occurring and the types of violent behavior perpetrated against medical professionals. The primary objectives noted by Fernandes et al (1999) were to 1) examine perceived levels of violence; 2) obtain the definition of violence from emergency department workers; 3) determine the effects of violence on workers; and 4) determine potential preventive strategies.
The research question that guided the research purpose was “What are the common types of non-compliance encountered in clinical medicine?” Critically, the researcher related the research question directly to the research purpose. The research purpose and the research questions are therefore judged as appropriate for the attainment of the research aim.
These critical analyses of researches facilitate understanding of how to conduct and replicate researches for interested parties. It also helps in assessing the validity and reliability of researches under review as well as their compliance to ethics depending on the methodologies and procedures applied (Burns & Grove, 2011).
The research employs a methodology by Ichniniowsky and others and the "key findings are that the complementarities hypothesis is fully supported by the Irish data but rejected by the Dutch data." (Horgan & Muhlau 2006). A critique of the research proves that the study is well directed so as to arrive at the hypothesis and thus contains remarkable strength needed for an authoritative study.
e of oral and print media, including lectures and textbooks to more modern forms such as the use of computers, internet (which provides access to online libraries, electronic journals, search engines, websites which allow audio and video streaming and email facilities) and
million homeless youths who live unsupervised in abandoned buildings, on streets, with strangers or with friends (“Understanding the Health Care Needs of Homeless Youth,” 2012). In this case, homeless youths face high risks of sexual exploitation, physical abuse, substance
a daughter has to live with a mother that is slipping further and further into Dementia, the situation can become painful (Ward-Griffin, Bol and Oudshoorn, 2006). In the article by Ward-Griffin, Bol and Oudshoorn (2006) the issue of women and dementia is discussed.
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