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QI Initiative On Reducing Nosocomial Infections In Wards Name Course Instructor Date Part 1: The problem and mission Selected nursing indicator The newly appointed director of the Clinix realized that the facility’s rate of nosomical infections particularly in the inpatient wards was overwhelming as the figures stood above that recorded by similar hospitals in the state…
NHSN is a public health surveillance system that Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) supports for its healthcare-associated infection (HAI) prevention program (Dudeck, et al, 2013). Standardized Infection Ratio (SIR) is the National metric used to make comparisons of observed number of nosomical infections in the entire US during a particular period with the national baseline experiences. For instance the 5 year National Prevention Target which ends in 2013 stands at 50% reduction in Central Line- Associated Bloodstream Infection (CLBSI) in both intensive care unit (ICU) and wards located patients. This figure translates to a National Standardized Infection Ratio (SIR) for CLABSI=0.5. In other words the national benchmark for nosomical infections is SIR=0.5 as at 2013. It is noteworthy that SIR is often adjusted based on a number of predictor of CLABSI, which include teaching status, location type, central line utilization and bedside. The SIR data is vital in the sense that it indicates whether the infection rate is better, worse, or at the national benchmark. ...
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