1. Literature Review It is worthwhile to mention that Maternal smoking during pregnancy has become a definite source of infant health problems (physical, mental, physiological and psychological) that later adversely impacts society as a whole. It should be recalled that healthy and dynamic children then constitute a healthy society and contribute in well-being and growth of nation as a whole…
For instance, the mothers’ smoking habit also increases the probability of ‘physician-diagnosed asthma and wheezing’ after first few years of birth. For instance, the unborn children in uterus were found vulnerable to asthma and adverse respiratory effects primarily because of maternal smoking. 1.2 – Maternal Smoking and Low Birth Weight Veiga & Wilder (2006) conducted an extensive research on maternal smoking habit during pregnancy among African – American and Caucasians in American society. The authors actually based their research on previous findings of 180 – 200 gm weight deficit among new born children whose mothers smoke during pregnancy. Their new research results augmented the weight losses as the researcher revealed that maternal smoking is noxious for health of unborn children and that the smoking causes weight loss of 200 – 230 gm. For instance, the probability of low birth delivery (LBD) among smoking mothers during pregnancy is twice than that of non-smoking women. In addition, the demographic factors such as race, marital status, age, education and income level also impact the results since greater percentage of LBDs had been recorded among Caucasians in comparison to Afro – American women. ...
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Additionally, I'd like to research the possible effects of the use of each method during an unknown pregnancy at different stages, on both the mother and the fetus. Many types of birth control used in the past caused severe birth defects in the children born despite the preventative measures taken.
2008). This review of literature will therefore, adopt the relevant studies, through which the researcher will be able to identify the issues that have been addressed and those that have not been addressed on the study topic. a) Purpose and Importance of Study The purpose of this qualitative study is to investigate the Indian business negotiation styles, and various factors that shape these negotiation styles.
Literature reviews range from simple with less extensive scopes to the more complex reviews that cover a wider scope. In this regard, it is worthy to note that students normally need to write literature reviews as they begin their college and undergraduate studies while the professional scholars do it as a routine in their quest to write reports worthy of publishing
Though it is not a harmless prank but according to the rules considered as a serious offence that can result in felony charges. Due to toll fraud the legitimate telecom companies are losing more than 4 billion dollars annually. Further more this kind illegitimate use of telecommunications keeps on rising.
The data collection and analysis strategy needs to be determined quite early in the research project as it is a key element of the research and would affect the quality of research project output.
There are various methods of data collection adopted while conducting an educational research project.
Data Collection for RCT and Phenomenology are very different e.g. in RCT are usually in the form of measurements and all data generated is numerical (statistical); the statistics used are descriptive to describe the sample. On the other hand, in Phenomenology, spoken words are reported verbatim, because one is looking for the interviewee's in-depth experience.
elf-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) practice patterns and barriers in 44,181 adults with pharmacologically treated diabetes from the Kaiser Permanente Northern California Region who responded to a health survey. The primary outcome of the study is the self-reported frequency
The questions acts as stimuli to respondents and therefore facilitate responses that are the collected data. The method is not very popular in research but Kothari (2004) explains that it is instrumental in