24 February, 2011. Torture and its psychological aspect: The term “torture” has been derived from “torquere” which is a Latin term that means to twist (Gushee). Torture is the name of extreme mental or physical suffering that is inflicted upon an individual so that he/she may be intimidated, punished, or be made to make a confession for the presumably committed crime…
It is as follows: …‘torture’ means any act by which severe pain or suffering, whether physical or mental, is intentionally inflicted on a person for such purposes as obtaining from him or a third person information or a confession, punishing him for an act he or a third person has committed or is suspected of having committed, or intimidating or coercing him or a third person, or for any reason based on discrimination of any kind, when such pain or suffering is inflicted by or at the instigation of or with the consent or acquiescence of a public official or other person acting in an official capacity. (UNCAT cited in IRCT). Such forms of torture as threats of murder, rape, kidnapping or even humiliating do no less harm to the psychological peace and stability of an individual as physical pain does. At times, there may be no physical harm at all to the victim in torture. “Psychological pain is suffering caused by psychological stress and by psychological trauma rather than stimuli that activate physical pain” (Mefor). A lot of debate has occurred in the past regarding the ban of torture because of its physiological vs psychological impacts. ...
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(“Torture Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words”, n.d.)
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(Torture Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words)
“Torture Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/other/20072-torture.
Despite its priority in international human rights convention, empirical evidence suggests that the elimination of torture is far from complete (Nagan and Atkins 2001, p. 87). For instance a global survey conducted by Amnesty International (2000) reflects that at least 7% of countries practice torture despite ascension to the Torture Convention.
Victims of torture may be told that no one remembers them or cares, and that if they survive, no one will believe them. The psychological aspects of torture may range from the seeming inevitability of a fixed routine (e.g., the dread of interrogation and physical torture at set times each day) to an inability to anticipate what will happen next.
But it is also a logic that has been used to justify spying without a warrant, mass detentions, incarceration without trial, and abusive interrogation. In each case, we are told, some safeguards and rights that were formerly regarded as civil liberties have to be given up in the interests of security.
Each man must be able to live by personal freedom, however, torture is used on people that sway away from the regulations of a moral society and create bottlenecks in the peace structure of living. Most people feel that it is the use of severe pain that will ultimately set people straight and make them understand and carry out actions as desired.
Correspondingly, it’s increasingly becoming a focus of the public debate. Being considered of crucial importance to both the very existence of liberal states and societies and regard for liberal values, the torture issue has divided the academia, the judiciary and the public opinion as well.
The various debates regarding this issue includes whether torture is justifiable during emergencies and also whether it is considered legal in states where there is ongoing terrorist attacks. The debates have divided the decision makers into two groups - one who support it especially in the case of terrorist attacks and the other group who are against it and who point out to the depravities and injustice.
In post-9/11 America, the controversial topic of torture has become a significant ethical issue that has created much debate. On one side of this national issue are those who believe that torture is necessary and justifiable to safeguard the lives of innocent people.
The studies, which consider torture as high forms of human rights violations, are rare. Torture has come into being the most prominent form of human rights violation through the organised violence caused by both democratic and non-democratic governments from around the world, following the incidents of 9/11.
s to obtain vital information, which would prevent destruction on a massive scale and save human life, became more or less a standard practice of the respective security services. Correspondingly, it’s increasingly becoming a focus of public debate. Being considered of crucial
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