Amniocentesis The progression and research into medical technologies has yielded many unique abilities that we are now capable of. Specifically, the field of genetics has become a hot topic in the field of modern biology and physiology. Scientists are looking at ways of detecting genetic disorders and abnormalities quicker and coming up with better methods of treatment for these disorders…
This sampling allows the doctors to look for any genetic abnormalities in the chromosomes, infections, or any other possible factors which could impact the fetal development. For example, defects in chromosome 21 such as trisomy-21, can be detected and can help later on should Down syndrome develop. One of the most common things that the process can pick up is the Rh factor. This is where the blood type of the baby does not match the blood type of the mother. In this case an immunosuppressant, Rh immunoglobin, has to be given to the mother in order to keep the mother’s immune system from attacking the fetus. This procedure is usually conducted between fourteen and twenty weeks; however it has been known to be performed as early as eleven weeks. The procedure itself takes around forty five minutes to complete and results can be handed back between a few days and a few weeks (American Pregnancy Association, 2006). There are, however, potential risks associated with the use of amniocentesis which should be taken into account for. The primary risk associated with amniocentesis is miscarriage. The most obvious, but rare complication, is that the needle actually hits the developing fetus and damages them. This is closely controlled through the use of sonogram technology. ...
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