Children’s Testimony as Evidence Occasionally life creates situations when one witness, one statement or even one word can be crucial for the final judgment. Moral principles teach and call us for true and reliable information, especially when it is a matter of someone’s life…
In this respect the query about reliability of child’s words can be rather controversial. As a rule child’s vision of the surroundings differs from the view of adult person. Children have peculiar perception of the world. Combining their plain and rather naive comprehension with rich imagination, children are prone to exaggerate or even concoct some facts. Judicial practice shows that sometimes children are able to add false details to the description of the case or, on the contrary, pass over in silence crucial information. This happens because of the several reasons. First explanation is child’s personal feelings of fear or embarrassment. Second one is emotional surge that overcomes a child in a moment of analyzable event, after which he or she may have obstacles to remember everything that has occurred. However, when children deal with private insult, their testimonies may really help to achieve closure. History knows a lot of cases when hearing child’s testimony about sexual abuse, representatives of courts have not doubted the truth of stated words. In such particular cases all emotions, anxiety, offence and pain that is impossible to counterfeit can be seen on the face of the child. ...
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(Children'S Testimony As Evidence Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 250 Words)
“Children'S Testimony As Evidence Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 250 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/other/28414-childrenyies-testimony-as-evidence.
Despite the fact that human memory can be distorted it is among the most used forms of evidence used especially when it comes to eyewitness accounts. This does not necessarily mean that it should not be used since the numbers of cases that have ended in either positive acquittal or conviction because of witnesses testimonies are numerous.
As children age and their cognitive faculties develop, their ability to accurately recall their experiences increases. Great caution must be taken, however, in interviewing children after a considerable amount of time has passed. Leading questions can interfere with children's accurate representations of events in the distant past.
Other influences include the court's prior and present view of children as witness in comparison to adults in reference to competence, credibility and trustworthiness. Proper procedures in the pursuit of gathering eyewitness evidence can in fact be aided by procedures utilized in the process if police utilize a specific framework to manage.
In psychology, there are several types of evidence illustrating how many people end up being victimized unfairly just because of reliance on eyewitness accounts. Scientists and genetic evidence have given a comparative result showing that most of the innocent victims have ended up behind bars for no good reason because of such kind of evidence.
Non testimonial evidence is not as strong evidence as word of mouth from the witness (Paul and Zuckerman 2004). Example is physical test to identify if the suspect is intoxicated. It is often referred as “it is what it is”
Show up is instant when the witness or victim
Society provides different roles to different parents in a family setup. The movement of parents from one given location to the other is brought about by the commitments and roles that the society expects.
The three kinds of eyewitness identification, which are photographic, showups, and lineups, have worried professionals in the criminal justice system and legal institution because of their known unreliability as discovered by