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Name: Instructor: Course: Date: Philosophy Question 1 Rousseau would respond to the passage by emphasizing that justice exists and that it can be attained through the public and civil authorities acting in harmony to fulfill their ethical obligations towards each other…
To protect their property and themselves, individuals may assent to a contractual affiliation whereby they unite themselves in an alliance for the good of all. Through channels of this pledged relationship, persons concur to accept different duties or responsibilities in return for the gains provided by communal cooperation. A democracy may be started on the base of a mutual pledge between community, and each person, in which society has a responsibility to every person and each person has a responsibility to society. For Locke, the natural justice will set the restrictions and provide the way for civil justice through the natural rights’ concept. Conferring to Locke, impartiality is not conceivable without personal possessions—meaning that justice will prevail only when a person has a claim to a property. The principle of Locke’s notion of impartiality is the safety of each individual’s personal property as a right built upon nature’s law (Locke par 5). Confucian would respond to the passage by stating the government has an obligation to attend to its citizens without favoritism or discrimination. Confucian believes that people can attain a good life through developing moral righteousness and take part in valued human relationships. Confucian would advise against bad behaviors such as being self-seeking. ...
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