Philosophy Essays

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Discuss the role of wisdom in true virtue according to Meno and the Phaedo

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It is well known that Greek philosopher Socrates was given a death sentence on the charge of corrupting youth with his teachings. He was given a dose of hemlock, a toxic substance that causes suffocation leading to death.

The Concept of the Soul, by Plato

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d that not all the desires are part of the belief and therefore they had association with reason. All the part that form ones soul have certain desires within them, but when it comes to the appetitive or the spirited part of the soul then these desires are not merely constituted by belief or the decision making/ choices that is linked to good.

The Apology of Socrates

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It is possible here to find that in normal sense, the word ‘examine’ stands for ‘to search’, or to ‘scrutinize’. In both the cases, it becomes easy to understand what Socrates meant by ‘an examined life’. If taken in a judicial context, the term ‘examination’ means getting judged by a fair judge who will weigh the arguments of one to reach truth or justice.

Hume and Harman’s Arguments for Moral Subjectivism

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To begin with, moral subjectivism, according to Rachels (1993), is the perception that there is nothing like the objective moral truths, that morality is merely a set of values derived from everyone’s subjective feelings, and that people should act accordingly.

Physician-assisted suicide

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In many cases, these patients are bed ridden and their functioning as normal human beings is limited. In countries where assisted suicide is legalized, such as the Netherlands, assisted suicide, upon the request of the patient and times the general consensus of the family, is performed by a physician.

Argument Essay on Pro Euthanasia

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11 June 2011 Argument Essay On Pro Euthanasia A medical treatment called active euthanasia which means to actively do something that will end a patient’s life with or without that individual’s consent. Euthanasia in an involuntary manner is usually only done because the patient is comatose or unconscious, or unable to communicate whether or not they want to have their life prolonged through artificial means.

Distinction between just and unjust laws

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Hence, this significant letter has established how any State law can be inhumane and unjust and it’s the public’s utmost responsibility to condemn it, and protest against it so the governments should take necessary steps to amend the unjust and unethical law.

Moral Relativism

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Name: Instructor’s Name: Course: Date of Submission: Moral relativism Moral relativism is a philosophical theory that morality, principles, ethics are relative which are culturally dependent as well count on an individual’s choice. This morality is not absolute, it does not hold for all people at any place and it depends on time and situation too.

essay

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ARGUMENTS RELATED TO THE DISCUSSION In order to render an in-depth argumentative perspective pertaining to the terms priori and Posteriori knowledge along with epistemology, different viewpoints will be studied. The terms priori and posteriori are essentially used in the field of philosophy.

What is the significance of Descartes' Cogito argument?

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Rene Descartes was a famous French philosopher who laid down the Latin statement, ‘Cogito Ergo Sum’ which means ‘I think, therefore I am.’ In simple words, this very statement means that if a person has a certain doubt on the fact of his existence, then he may be reminded that since he is the one thinking about this thought, he in itself exists otherwise he would not have been able to process such thinking.

Night by Elie Wiesel

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Personally for Wiesel, death threatens to overpower him at every moment between those years (1941—1945).A strong element of doubt creeps into Elie Wiesel’s mind, how God deals with humankind in such an atrocious style.

Utilitarianism. Evaluation of the Objection

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Utilitarianism. Evaluation of the Objection Utilitarianism is a theory of ethics that holds that: the best course of action maximizes the greatest overall “good” for the largest number of individuals. Therefore, it is a form of consequentialism, which states that; the moral action’s worth is usually determined by the results of its outcome.

Assessment of Plato's two arguments about knowledge in the Meno and the Phaedo

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Socrates also contradicted himself when it came to the issue of defining knowledge. In his dialogues with Meno and Phaedo respectively, Socrates tries to explain to each the meaning of knowledge and how knowledge is acquired. However, the explanations in these two dialogues seem to contradict to some extent.

Plato’s Apology.

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Plato’s Apology. Plato and his writings through the Platonic Dialogues constitute some of the foundational elements of the Western philosophic tradition. Over the course of Plato’s career his works span an enormous array of subjects. Plato’s Apology considers Socrates trial in front of the Greek lawmakers.

What is Virtue?

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Plato a student of Socrates takes the first initiative in defining a virtue though his Meno. Plato’s Meno stipulates that a virtue as any task than an individual perform at any time within his lifetime (72a6-b7 and c6-d1). Consequently, the Meno stipulates the characteristics of an excellent person as one whom in the performance of his activities, his virtues are evident.

Descartes' Doubt

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Descartes asserts that senses are illusionary and hinder the knowledge of the truth. Descartes postulates the cogito by pure thinking and claims that human beings should accept it as the truth. Descartes argues that people discover physical objects by analyzing their own concept of a physical object and not through sense experience (Broughton & Carriero, 2010).

T. S. Eliot

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He also pioneered the idea that art must not be seen alone, but in the light of previous works of the author (Ibid p.18). . His writings had a profound impact on 20th century literary landscape (Williamson, 1998, p. 2). His literary masterpieces led to the foundation of a new school known as ‘New Criticism’ (Ibid, p.16) Events that Led to the Advancement : Eliot could be categorized as a classicist, as he emphasizes the value of upholding tradition.

Essay : Plato, Descartes, and The Matrix

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Same like the prisoners in the cave, the hero does not realize he is a prisoner. Both the parties are unaware of the reality and are living under a false perception. He like the people in the cave is born under bondage where he cannot smell or taste or touch.

The Problem of Induction by David Hume

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However Hume does not wish to level all knowledge and inquiry; he simply wishes to understand the faculties used to gain knowledge at the most fundamental level, which actually contributes toward the quest for knowledge. Peter Strawson seems to offer a solution to the problem of induction, by pointing out that Hume applies rules of deductive reasoning to inductive reasoning, to make it seem they are not rational.

The Abortion Debate

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The Abortion Debate In 1973 The U.S. Supreme Court decided that abortion would be legal. This historic decision did not end the debate. Nearly 40 years later abortion may be the most controversial and emotional issues in the nation. The divide between the ‘pro-life’ and ‘pro-choice’ sides is wide with people decidedly on one side or the other.

Euthanasia

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In the hopes of discussing this issue to a more complete degree, the following analysis will consider the article by J. David Velleman entitled, “Against the Right to Die”. Due to the fact that many individuals that have discussed and argued for or against physician assisted suicide and/or euthanasia have come down relatively firmly on one side or the other, Velleman’s piece offers the reader with a welcomed relief to the black and white morality that oftentimes defines the tenor of such analyses.

The Mustang That i have never got.

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May parent’s worry is, what if I commit mistakes? With this apprehension they are denying me the opportunity to commit mistakes and learn from them and take the corrective course, wherever necessary. I do not wish to be an outright rebel, but rebel I will against all procedures that hold up the growth of my personality.

Biomedical Ethics Midterm Test

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Euthanasia is classified as active which involves giving the patient a lethal injection to make death swift and painless. Passive euthanasia involves letting the patient die by stopping the employment of extraordinary means to alleviate a patient’s suffering and imminent death (Pence 120).

Applying theoretical ethics to applied ethics

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Of particular concern is the use of active and passive euthanasia in patients who suffer from terminal or irreversible illnesses. Active euthanasia involves certain procedures such as injecting over dosage of morphine or other pain killers to end the life of a patient.

Hart-Devlin Debate

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Date Hart-Devlin. Introduction Laws are necessary for the survivor of any society. Rules are broken and an offence is often committed. Laws consist of a group of rules forced by the authority and defying them often results to punishments. Morals are often personal.

Hart-Devlin Debate

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Hart-Devlin Debate. Lord Wolfenden chaired a meeting in 1957 that recommended the existence of homosexuality activities in private. The chairperson suggested that as long as their activities remained private they should not be criminalized (Cane 21). Wolfenden and the entire committee argued that; criminal law meant to protect the public from injurious activities and protects people against corruption and exploitation.

Juvenile justice system- harsh punishments vs. lighter punishments

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In America, separate justice systems exist for juveniles, however most citizens are not aware of how this system operates and how important it is in helping to shape the behavior of the juveniles. Some people hold views that are not true and are far from reality concerning the juvenile justice system.

The Metaphysics of Morals by Emmanual Kant

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To shed light on the metaphysics of Morals, it is first important to study the context of the work. In this regard, Immanuel Kant and his background need to be discussed to locate the study within a framework. Immanuel Kant was a German philosopher of the eighteenth century and his works mostly focus on philosophy and anthropology, with Metaphysics of Morals being one of his most dominant works.

Are science and religion in conflict?

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Truth behind religion is treated as universal and eternal, essentially a question of faith, and widely accepted and not challenged or questioned in general. In case of science, the authority is based on evidence and reasons.

Machiavelli vs. Mohandas Gandhi-Martin Luther King Jr. on Power

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What exhibits a power within a paradigm of political intrigues and among ruling elite is a question answered by philosophers with their philosophical juxtaposition to the contemporary political situation of the era. For some philosophers, the rule by force or law justifies power politics but through abiding by the moral principles.

Justice or moral uprightness of human soul according to Plato

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Justice or Moral Uprightness of Human Rights. Plato’s Republic is one of the foremost philosophical texts of the ancient world. While the text examines a broad array of philosophical issues, one of its primary considerations is the nature of morality. In the second book of the Republic, Glaucon argues that morality is only a socially constructed concept that individuals follow because it is to their advantage to do so.

Bullshit as a Politics of Discourse

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Frankfurt states that bullshit possesses a certain level of ambivalence due to the loose use of the term (Frankfurt 1986, p.1). The loose condition of the term has something to do with either telling truth or just basically stating nonsense; eventually leading to misrepresentation or in simple term: lying (Frankfurt 1986, p.

Civil disobedience is justified when citizens experience injustice from the government

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Civil disobedience is justified when citizens experience injustice from the government. Civil disobedience is justified when citizens experience substantial injustice from the government. Civil disobedience is deliberate disregard for the rule of law by citizens in advancing moral principles are protesting against government policies.

Plato, Descartes, and The Matrix

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Nevertheless, although the three sources attempt to ask analogous questions, it is essentially their manner of answering these questions that differentiate them from each other. Plato examines the notion that the real world represents an illusion within the allegory of the cave presented in The Republic.

Tuesdays with Morrie

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Never take things for granted In our lives, we will come across a lot of opportunities, challenges, and regrets. It is very important that we never take things for granted and always be thankful for the gift of life and what life brings. In the book, Mitch Albom was so blessed to have a professor who taught him not just the lessons in the book but also those lessons in life.

Evil in St.Augustine's Confessions

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It is essential to consider how we should understand such phenomenon as evil: as just absence of good or something more. It is the question for discussion that is very relevant for all Christians. Since the time of St. Augustine there have been lots of hypothesizes (Bonner, 1986).

Humanity 5 short essay questions

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A man and a man Homeric Virgiliano, that despite representing different cultures and different literary styles, show us man as "Man". Be myth or not, the Iliad, the Odyssey and the Aeneid are part of a rich literary, which to this day we are given, as well as were given to our parents and grandparents, showing us the magic of each word that make these three poems.

Plato

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Plato defines ‘able’ men in his Allegory of the Cave. A man who sees the light of knowledge and understands fully the truth (reality) is fit to rule people who are in living in darkness. This ruler, of Plato, will have seen the good and will be capable of ‘real’ good.

Rationalism (Rene Descartes) and Empiricism (David Hume).

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The study tells that examining the subject matter that has to do with the existence of God, rationalists and empiricists usuallystand on different sides of the fence. Rationalists claim that God exists and that God created the earth. The empiricist would wonder the reasons that rationalists would hold on to what they cannot feel with their senses as true, and dispute what they can sense.

Susan Wolf: Asymmetrical Freedom.

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Wolf in his arguments states that for an individual to be morally responsible, he must meet two conditions: he must be a free agent, one whose actions are under personal control. This is for the reason that if his actions are not based on his decisions he does not deserve discredit or credit for doing whatever he does.

Euthanasia

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However, active euthanasia is undertaken on an individual only when his or her doctors and family members agree and make the decision to kill actively to end the agony suffered by their loved one. Passive euthanasia, on the other hand, lets the suffering person die by withholding the necessary medical care and allowing the disease to kill the person instead of a fellow human being.

Beauvoir's second sex

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In chapter 1 of this book, she says that girls are often taught to be “women” and their feminine destiny is imposed on them by the society and their teachers. She contrasts the girl’s upbringing with the boy’s upbringing who is at age three or four who is told by the society and parents that he is a “little man”.

Soul and Justice in the works of Plato, Aristotle and Epicurus

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We examine each philosopher chronologically to possibly reveal evolution of views between them. We also examine how each philosopher's definition of political justice relates to other aspects of their philosophy, such as the metaphysical order of the universe.

David Hume's An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding

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On this basis, impressions are the results of two things; direct sense experience and remembered or imagined experience, which translates to having two types of impressions that are sensation and reflection. Reflection, in this case, refers to the remembered experiences, while sensation is in reference to direct sense experiences and sensational impression are born from our senses, while reflective impressions originate from the mind and include feelings and emotions.

Meditations

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In this paper, his significant contribution in relation to the contributions he made with regard to the theory of knowledge will be discussed. This is through the analysis of his objections and replies as written in his meditations on First Philosophy book.

Philosophy and the Human Good

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T. Stace, although if he had both been raised as adhering to ethical subjectivism, he would definitely have made the easier choice. My friend Henry, who is actually a year older than me, was once tempted to steal a hardware tool, perhaps a drill, from the store where he was working part time because he badly needed cash for one of his projects at college.

The Repiblic Amidst the Social Contract: An In-depth Review of the Society.

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Both societies aim for the common good. The cited works both commenced with an exploration to delineate the groundwork of a society. It seems that both authors try to unravel and ponder the basic principles in a society. Plato tried to unleash this by inquiring with other individuals until he arrives at a satisfying answer (1-31).

Physician Assisted Suicide

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Those against this practice on the other hand state that it is unethical for physicians to help their patients commit suicide when they have taken the Hippocratic oath to protect and preserve the lives of their patients. Both sides of this debate have made some very pertinent arguments in support of their sides and it has been very difficult for many societies and people to come to an understanding concerning this matter.

Child Labor Essay

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Among these many groups the vulnerability of children gets compounded owing to their cognitive inability to understand their own victimization and insufficient safeguards to prevent the violation of child rights. Child labor is one of the chief social problems that our society faces in contemporary times.

art and aesthetics

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In trying to elaborate on these feelings, which an artist cannot possibly put in words, a new channel of expressing oneself emerges in the form of art, where the artist can then express all his/her emotions well without any hindrances, like the one existing when the expression has to be done through a word of mouth (Collingwood, 110).
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