StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu


Nobody downloaded yet

Extract of sample

Ancient Greek philosophy is a very diverse subject and the scope of this paper is limited to the key aspects focusing on philosophers from the Presocratics to the Neoplatonists. Presocratics Presocratics is a term used to describe philosophers that existed before Socrates. Despite the fact that the ancient Greek society did not primarily use mythological ideas to explain certain events, it is still clear that their logic to some extent was influenced by older wisdom (Anton et al., 20-45). The initial consent of pre-Socratic philosophers was to explain the entire cosmos, with the aim of identifying the underlying principle behind it (Anton et al., 20-30). The Presocratics originated from Western and Eastern Greece, where as Plato, Aristotle and Socrates were from Athens. Presocratics mainly focused on physics, a trait they were acknowledged for over the years. As they were the first philosophers, they strongly objected mythical ideologies emphasizing on rationality of things. Their main scientific interests included astronomy, mathematics, and biology (Anton et al., 20-45). Unfortunately, the original evidence of their works is absent. Their ideas and knowledge of their work is derived from proceeding literature such as The Opinions Physicists by Theophratus (Anton et al., 20-45). The first philosophers of this time originated from Ionia and aims of this great the material principle of objects, the reasons for their disappearance and also their origin. It was in this time that Thales of Miletus determined water to be the basis of living things. Other philosophical principles that proceeded include the differentiation between cold and hot, moist and dry which were derived from the principle formulated by Anaximander. Philosophy was however first introduced to everyday life by Pythagoras of Samos. He perceived the world as perfectly harmonious, dependent on number, and encouraged the population to live a life of harmony. Xenophenes of Colophon, also referred to as the father of pantheism, referred to God as an eternal unity governing the daily activities of the world with his thoughts (Anton et al., 20-45). In later years, a materialistic system was formulated by Leucippus and Democritus which involved one of the first doctrines of atoms or indivisible elements. These were assumed to be infinite, in divisible, qualitatively similar and imperishable. They were assumed to move eternally, unite and collide on several occasions. In essence it is clear that the main of objective of these philosophers was to decipher the ultimate basis of nature. In this era, the conception of human knowledge resolved around the philosophers’ theories on the constitution of things. Socrates The era between 469-399 BCE was that of Athenian Socrates (Anton et al., 20-45). Socrates rejected the previous theories formulated by his predecessors, making opinions and thoughts central in his theories. Socrates excessively questioned people on their opinions which is opposite to the approach that was taken by Sophists, who considered thoughts and beliefs of people as their standard (Kingley, 45-79). Socrates lived in a period of transition from the Athenian hegemony to its defeat in the Peloponessian War by Sparta and its allies (Kingley, ...Show more


Ancient Greek Philosophy Introduction Ancient Greece has a philosophical history dating back to the 6th century BCE. Numerous Western philosophical ideologies have been derived from Ancient Greek principles. Ancient Greek philosophy dealt with numerous subjects including ethics, political philosophy, ontology, metaphysics, logic, rhetorical, aesthetics, and biology…
Author : etha59
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Check these samples - they also fit your topic

Why was Ancient Greek society as influential as it was, on the rest of the world
Why was Ancient Greek society as influential as it was, on the rest of the world? Greece is one of the oldest civilizations on earth. The ancient Greek civilization dates back to the Geometric period stretched from 900 to 700 B.C. It was the period when many seminal elements like big sanctuaries, Pan-Hellenic festivals and city states belonging to ancient Greek society were established.
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
Ancient Greek Burial Customs
Greek culture and customs were largely affected by its geography (Martin 1). Economic conditions determined the wealth of burial findings. Each time period provides rich burial sites of wealthy and powerful of that particular time period. The Bronze Age was characterized by Minoan and Mycenaean cultures.
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
Lysistrata Unbound fit as a prequel to Aristophanes' original play
With Lysistrata leading the group of the Greek women, she organized a forum where all the Greek women would converge to proffer possible solutions that would restore peace and end the long raging war. Her plan was to use the sex drive of the women to force their husbands into a treaty that would put an end to the war.
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
Discuss Odysseus as an ideal of manly conduct and resourcefulness in ancient Greek society
Ancient Greek society was mainly made up of free people and slaves. Slaves were used as servants and laborers for free people who were mainly rich landowners, called aristocrats meaning best people. Their system of Government was known as oligarchy which was the rule by the few whereby slaves secured no legal right.
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
Ancient Greek Ceramics
Though classed as an amphora and clearly intended to store and serve some liquid, its shape, if not its function, is far removed from classical amphorae. The vessels appears to be made of light colored clay with its imagery painted on in a darker brown slip.
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
Role of Ancient Greek women in society
Men dictated the ins and outs of their daily life; fathers would control them before they were married and husbands controlled them once they were married. Women had no choice as to whom they would marry.
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
Ancient Greek political thought
Included in that activities for example are arts and sciences for example medicine which is aimed to achieve health, ship building which is aimed to build a vessel for one’s journey and visual which is
3 pages (750 words) Essay
Greek and Roman Mythology
Brother against brother, father against son, son against mother were among some of the most prominent motifs; and guilt, bloodshed and inheritance - the prominent themes commonly found in most of these ancient epics. The sins committed by the
11 pages (2750 words) Essay
Han Empire (Ancient China)
Han Empire had three religions namely Taoism, Buddhism, and Confucianism, which greatly affected the art and way people lived. However, Chinese did not live peacefully in the empire because they had enemies called Mongols.
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
Religion Or Mythology In Greek Culture
The paper “Religion or Mythology in Greek Culture” highlights that the Greeks are regarded the key subjects of study for any person wishing to expound his knowledge about the roles religion as well as mythology play in a given society. Ancient Greek is renowned of practicing religions that valued many gods.
3 pages (750 words) Essay
Hire a pro to write
a paper under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment
Contact Us