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The jainist and Carvaka approach ethics? Are they compatible?
Pages 4 (1004 words)
Name: Instructor: Course Date This essay analyzes the views of two philosophical standings of the ancient India held by Jainism and Carvaka to identify the similarities and differences between the two in regards to ethics. In addition, compatibility of the two viewpoints will be assessed to identify if the philosophical standings can be viewed using similar lenses or if there exist significant deviations.
Jainism developed and advanced the concept of reality as animate and inanimate entities such as matter, energy, and sound. According to this theory, there is a mutual interaction between the living and the non-living for the cohesive existence of nature. Thus, liberation arises when a worldly soul attempts to liberate itself from the common bondage that is characterized with the love for material wealth. Liberated souls, according to the jainist concept, do not interact with any other entity present within the universe including other liberated souls or worldly inanimate objects (Kalghatgi 234). In the Jaina code of ethics, the natural results of the rational approach guide the principles of behavior and personality. This is not guided in any way by a principle of laws or commandments made for the people by the higher authority. Individuals who subscribe to the ideals of Jainism are expected to comprehensively study the scripture and understand the basic concepts of rational thinking and acting. This will assist them to develop coherent knowledge and understanding and enable them to integrate rational behavior in their livelihoods. ...
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