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Locke and Descartes source of knowledge - Essay Example

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Philosophy
Pages 4 (1004 words)

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Locke and Descartes: Source of Knowledge Name: Institution: LOCKE AND DESCARTES SOURCE OF KNOWLEDGE Introduction Locke and Descartes attempt to explain the manner in which the body and mind are linked in deducing knowledge. According to the rationalism theory, of which Descartes was a leading proponent, reason is the fundamental source of knowledge (Scheibe & Falkenburg 2011)…

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Locke and Descartes source of knowledge

For this reason, the theory holds that metaphysics, ethics, and math principles are fundamentally true and that physical evidence and proof are not needed to ascertain knowledge. Due to this belief, the rationalism theory is in direct opposition to empiricism. Empiricism, of which Locke is an integral proponent, contends that knowledge can only be obtained via the experience of sense. It emphasizes that evidence and experience, particularly the experience of sense, plays a more fundamental role in idea formation than traditions and innate ideas (Scheibe & Falkenburg 2011). The theory also contends that these traditions also arise due to prior experience through the senses. The theory emphasizes evidence, contending that all theories and hypotheses need to be tested against natural world observations and not simply relying on intuition or reasoning. The empirical theory is a better theory in discussing the source of knowledge because all that man knows has its basis on experience, while innate knowledge can be corrected with time following observation. Comparison Locke’s notion in the empiricism theory of an idea was borrowed from, the discussions by Descartes. ...
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