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Hospers' view that the unconsciousness that determines what the conscious impulse and conscious acts will be is correct. - Essay Example

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High school
Pages 7 (1757 words)


Name: Course Name: Instructor: Date: Hospers' View ‘the Unconsciousness Determines What the Conscious Impulse and Conscious Acts Will Be’ Is Correct John Hospers in his article, ‘meaning and freewill presents a myriad of thoughts on what influences people to act the way they do…

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Hospers' view that the unconsciousness that determines what the conscious impulse and conscious acts will be is correct.

The author takes a position that the unconscious is very instrumental in determining the conscious deeds. Man’s actions may be influenced by various factors depending on the prevailing conditions; some of these conditions are within their control while others are not. Hospers argues that the concept of freewill is an illusion because ‘an act is free if and only if it is a voluntary act’. Using examples, he demonstrates that acting involuntarily dominates over voluntary actions. In many quarters, the debate of whether individuals act on freewill has been demonstrated. The proponents argue that freewill is nonexistent because the influence of the unconscious dominates over an individual (Blatchford 41). Citing the situation at birth where a child learns from the environment and the process continues with further development, the argument says that the influences of all those experiences are the ones that bring out the actions of an individual. The way a person acts is not a factor of their willingness but an inner push by the subconscious. A man is a product of their unconscious since their choices are biased. Humans make choices every day. Choices are not justifiable if they do not incorporate the aspect of freewill based on non-coercion. ...
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