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Philosophy of Ethics final exam - Essay Example

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Philosophy of Ethics final exam

In the virtue approach, an ethical action is one that is grounded with virtues, such as honesty, fairness, compassion, and integrity, and once they become a habit, they transform into traits of a person (Velasquez et al., 1996). From this notion, it can be said that a hug from a medical practitioner can be positive if the doctor and the patient both have virtues with pertinence to such an act (Baum, 2011), but the negative aspect about this act is that patients may not receive the feeling of comfort if they are not used to this kind of action with anyone else. Similarly, doctors may not give the right comfort the patient wants if it is not in their disposition to hug (Clark, 2012). 2. How important are the consequences of our actions when making moral decisions? The consequences of one’s actions are very significant when making moral decisions to the extent that one must assess divergent forms of actions by getting the facts, or through the different forms of results of such an action. It is noteworthy to consider the moral rights of a person when making a moral decision, its fairness and with consideration of moral principles. Otherwise stated, one must assess all alternative actions and choose the one with the best overall outcomes, one that best respects the rights of the person, with sense of equality, draws for the common good, and with moral virtues (Velasquez et al., 1996). 3. Does adherence to virtues offer a complete solution to everyday moral dilemmas? Moral dilemmas can only

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be settled when a person is virtuous; thus, adherence to virtues makes a person become ethical. Virtues are traits or behaviours that reinforce oneself to become and act in approaches that will enhance highest potential. They will enable one to fulfill the ideals one has adapted. Exemplaries of virtues may include courage, fidelity, prudence, and fairness. These virtues become traits of a person when required. It must be noted that once persons have enhanced virtues, they will naturally act in different approaches constant with moral principles (Velasquez et al., 1996). Therefore, in the virtue approach, moral dilemmas can be easily resolved by a virtuous person. 4. Using two ethical approaches, give 2 arguments in favor of, and 2 arguments against the death penalty. Death penalty has been used as a tool for crime deterrent and divergent conflicting stances have emerged to discuss such a schematic approach of punishment. In fairness or justice approach, an action should be fair, must treat everyone in similar manner, and should not show discrimination and favoritism. On the other hand, the rights approach proffers everyone with the right to the truth and of privacy, the right not to be injured, and to what is agreed (Velasquez et al., 1996). Moreover, death penalty publicly authenticates the ultimate act of taking a human life. In the hope of emancipation by those who could have been proven innocent, death penalty tends to deter one from hoping and the right to live (“N.H. Church Leaders,” 2013). This act hinders one the right to the truth making death penalty a disadvantage. Death penalty must be stopped because there is a dearth of

Summary

Final Exam Essay Questions 1. Case scenario: You are a doctor who is treating a patient who is in tears. Should you hug this patient? Using two ethical approaches provide arguments of the pros and cons of this action. A hug between a doctor and patient must be in an appropriate context, and there must be a sense of eagerness between the recipient and the giver of a hug (Clark, 2012)…
Author : josiahpowlowski
Philosophy of Ethics final exam essay example
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