The transition to one epoch to another is a controversial and blurry terrain. At the early stages of modernism, medieval ideas still lingered while new conceptions of nature, form, human, and divinity arose. There are as many similarities as there are differences between these two ages.
To them, form was an ideal to be achieved. This concern, combined with the growing interest in nature, awakened curiosity and sensitivity towards cosmic harmony.
For the poets and artists of the early modern age, aesthetic form perfection had an ontological significance. According to Dupre, the importance of rhetoric at this period of time can be explained by the belief that, if form has a spiritual quality, language -as the most spiritual expression of the mind- is the ideal medium to obtain perfection on form. "Form became an ideal partly realized through divine creation and partly to be realized by the human word".
For the painters, a new pursuit of individual form commenced. The shift from the medieval universalistic approach, to the modern focus on the particular, is specially observable in the portraits. Flemish painters like Van Eyck, Van de Weyden or Memline for example, were truly interested in the individual features, inner emotions and the aesthetics of the human face.
A new spatial conception was introduced in the Renaissance aesthetics as well. The artists had to find a balance between their subject and their environment, which assumed an "independent, homogeneous quality". With this, "figures become weightier and acquire a tactile quality". (p.47)
The concern for depicting nature in the most realistic and detailed manner was one of the fundamental characteristics of the new aesthetics. The ancient principle of art imitating nature was reinstated, yet nature was not taken simply as a model to copy but to use it as a creative force. Leon Battista Alberti "exhorts the artist to emulate nature rather than to copy her" (p.48). Through the mind, the artists are challenged to achieve perfection and higher beauty of an imperfect nature. Leonardo was specially inclined to think of the human mind ("il modello del mondo" as he proclaimed it), as a powerful creator.
At the early stages of modernity, artists still viewed themselves as creating in unison with nature; "mind and nature relate harmoniously to one another" (p. 49).
Moreover, nature's perception began to change. Galileo expressed the idea of natural form in mathematical terms, "loosening the union between physical essence and artistic ideal" (p.51).
He found a systematic study of nature, rather than depending on direct observation. This notion of rational knowledge of the world become central to the transformation from medieval age to modernity.
In the emergence of modernity, chemistry played an important role towards the scientific revolution. Alchemy is frequently forgotten when we talk about the breakthroughs of science that changed our perception of the world. Alchemists believed in the harmony between the individual and the cosmos. "at the basis of the alchemical enterprise is the concept of a microcosmos perfectly tuned to the macrocosmos of nature".
The notion that we are should interfere with natural processes in order to achieve harmony transforms the perception of nature. "rather than serving as nature's assistant, the person now becomes its controller." (p.54). There was a thorough rejection to the idea that the stars controlled man, that we were passively submitting to matter. Nevertheless, the ...
Cite this document
(“Passage to Modernity Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.net/philosophy/273579-passage-to-modernity
(Passage to Modernity Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words)
“Passage to Modernity Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/philosophy/273579-passage-to-modernity.
History is replete with the examples of the division of all societies into three groups or categories at the eve of the advent of social change. First category consists of a very small proportion of the individuals, who strive diligently and work very hard to cause the change within their structure.
Student’s Name Professor’s Name Course Date The Passage He went back into the hut, straightened his camp bed, cleaned his submachine gun, and picked up his shaving kit. On his way, among whitewashed eucalyptus trees and clustering notices commending tidiness and discipline, he suddenly remembered that today was Independence Day, the Fifth of Iyar.
The new society replaced the traditional social order in Europe, the ancient regime, and, the opposition between ancients and moderns being a long tradition was called "modern." The nature of modern society and the conditions of transition to modernity have been at the center of concerns
The transition to one epoch to another is a controversial and blurry terrain. At the early stages of modernism, medieval ideas still lingered while new conceptions of nature, form, human, and divinity arose. There are as many similarities as there are differences between these two ages.The perception of nature changed at the early modern age, and this transformed the conception of God and of man.
It encompasses social changes, the way these changes are experienced and the reflection of these experiences in various circles. It is a world of definition and ambiguity, of static definitions and constant change.
The focus is mainly on the existing misery among the some social classes.
Modernity needs to be understood in its context as well as in it role in sociology. Karl Marx and Weber had trusted modernity as inevitable. But in many ways, they considered modernity as
Economically, the concept of modernity indicates a scenario in which there has been change from localisation of the factors of production with flow of capital across the world and regions happening
However, these are supposed to interact with each other in order to form a stable social environment. Nevertheless, developed countries are more inclined in the direction of implementing individualism, which caused them to experience long lasting its hazardous effects in the form of disintegrated social system, with increasing negation of religion.
Modernity can be traced in the 17th century when people started getting enlightened. There was a shift from the primitive civilizations to the current state of globalization. Modernization has been viewed as a steady process that is still
He also emphasizes on the interdependence of individuals.
According to Marx, the complete abolition of private property and upheaval of current social structure liberates the individual, as the context becomes world-historical. This also results
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
GOT A TRICKY QUESTION? RECEIVE AN ANSWER FROM STUDENTS LIKE YOU!
Let us find you another Essay on topic Passage to Modernity for FREE!