Ontological Arguments and Belief in God.

Ontological Arguments and Belief in God. Assignment example
Undergraduate
Assignment
Philosophy
Pages 9 (2259 words)
Download 0
Anselm of Canterbury proposed the first ontological argument. His proposal suggested that God is the greatest possible being anyone can think of. His suggestion was that the greatest possible being has to be present in real form: someone who actually really exists…

Introduction

His argument, however, was wholly rejected by Thomas Aquinas. Aquinas’s suggestion was that there is no way that mere mortals can conceive what God’s nature is, and thus we surely cannot conceive God like Anselm has said we can (Oppy 122-3). Therefore, this argument can be used only by the ones who can understand the true essence of God and that cannot be anyone but God Himself. David Hume was another philosopher who went against Anselm’s argument. His criticism was that it has no evidential reasoning. His argument was that the existence of a being cannot be proved simply through a priori reasoning. Cleanthes has proposed this argument in the following words: ...there is an evident absurdity in pretending to demonstrate a matter of fact, or to prove it by any arguments a priori. Nothing is demonstrable, unless the contrary implies a contradiction. Nothing, that is distinctly conceivable, implies a contradiction. Whatever we conceive as existent, we can also conceive as non-existent. There is no being, therefore, whose non-existence implies a contradiction. Consequently there is no being, whose existence is demonstrable (Fieser 232). ...
Download paper
Not exactly what you need?

Related papers

Ontological argument
Objectives: 1. Elaboration of the famous doctrine of Ontological Argument in the light of the philosophies elaborated by the ancient early Christian scholar St. Anselm, eminent philosopher Rene Descartes (1596-1650), and his successor philosopher Nietzsche. 2. Evaluation of Descartes’ hypothesis and its impact on the future philosophic theories 3. To analyze whether Descartes’ doctrine was…
Ontological thesis
This paper will explore the ontological perspectives of Kant and Descartes, responding critically. Kant responds to Anselm’s ontological argument with the observation that it is based on a confusing assumption. If God exists, this is a property of the world in which God is manifest, and not a property of God, since existence is not a property. He explains, in Critique of Pure Reason: Being is…
Proofs for the Existence of God
There are unanswered questions even today about the importance and existence of God as creator of this universe or the galaxies that astronomers see through their ever more powerful telescope. If it is conceivable that this universe had a beginning and will have an end, then it is logical to assume that it must have had a creator, since nothing can be created out of nothing. While John Leslie in…
The Existence of God: Theories of Thomas Aquinas and St. Anselm
If God is there, how does he permit evil to attack each and every segment of humankind in this world? Poverty, starvation deaths, mindless violence and bloodshed in wars, untimely deaths of the loved ones and many such happenings that engulf humankind are highly unreasonable. The contents of Bible are revelations of God. The book, in totality, is meant to be the word of God. The revelations…
Kant's Argument for the existence of God
Therefore, the arguments about God’s existence come in distinct forms in that some are drawn on reason and moral philosophy. There are many questions concerning how people believe that there exist a supreme spiritual being. In real sense, the supreme spiritual being exists. Throughout human history, they have always thought of the existence of God. There is sufficient evidence to belief and…
Morality and God
First being the ontological argument that invokes the belief of the existence of a being that is all perfect, omniscient and powerful. It asserts that God is “that than which no greater can be conceived.” The second purported evidence that convicts the belief of the existence of God is the ‘cosmological argument’ which firmly asserts that something must have brought the universe in to…
Assessing Traditional Arguments about God's Existence
Anselm during the 11th century CE. According to him, the existence of God can be derived from the belief that a being, which is more powerful than any other can be, conceived (Pojman 54). The argument goes ahead to hold that, considering that a more powerful being cannot be conceived is evidence to show that the only conceivable being that can be conceived remains the greatest. Therefore, the…