The Problem of Evil

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The Problem of Evil God exists. But why does an omnipotent, an omniscient, and a supposedly omnibenevolent God allow evil? Does not the presence of evil actually contradict God’s nature? Or, can we maintain the view that God’s existence remains logically consistent despite the problem of evil?


The “all-good,” the “all-powerful,” etc., are claims to justifying the creator who made the world of all possible worlds. Theodicy involves these traditional arguments and weighs these arguments against the scale of the problem of evil. G.W. Leibniz is a case in point. According to Leibniz, this world, no matter how imperfect, is actually the best of all possible worlds that God would have created in any way. More so, Leibniz’s optimistic theodicy does not see the existence of evil in the world as fundamentally counting against God’s existence. Therefore, evil, as it were, becomes a non-issue when seen from the purview of God’s grand plan of the universe. “Further, we realize that there is a perpetual and almost free progress of the whole universe in fulfillment of the universal beauty and perfection of the works of God, so that it is always advancing towards a greater development.” (1967, 421). Theodicy as the rational study of God necessarily has to come to grips with evil, where the question is about justifying God’s goodness in the presence of evil. ...
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