The author of the essay casts light on the Social Contract Theory. Admittedly, the theory states that individuals came together in order to form a contract by way of which they could form a union of a State under the rules of which they could live together in peace by maintaining order and stability. …
The state was thus given the entire right to protect the rights of the individuals. However, in Hobbes’ case, it was the king that was the sovereign individual that would rule over the land and would have its command habitually obeyed by the people. In Locke’s case, however, people would have their own freedom because they would form a democratic polity by way of coming together. Governance in both cases is about controlling the nature of the state that prevailed at the time in order to bring about a sense of clarity and order in the way by which people lived.
However, it must be understood that governing a state does not only involve controlling the bad aspects of the state. The state is formed by people because they require a singular authority to tell them how to behave in different situations. This might not necessarily only include the bad aspects because the state also controls the good nature of the human beings. Governance is thus about both because the state is the sovereign power that has a hold over the safety and security of its citizens. Since it is a sovereign authority or command of the sovereign, it is being obeyed by the people and thus it becomes the function of the state to ensure that whatever it is that people are obeying is for their betterment or societal welfare.
Therefore, the state must have controlled power in order to protect the citizens because otherwise since it is a sovereign command, it might get overthrown as was seen in the French Revolution, when Rousseau stated his theory of the social contract. ...
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(“The Social Contract Theory Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words”, n.d.)
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(The Social Contract Theory Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words)
“The Social Contract Theory Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/philosophy/470774-the-social-contract-theory.
Key words: social contract theory, human rights, just governments, personal obligations, ethical obligations. Introduction There are many variants of social contract theories. On the basis of the principles of these theories, the Western governments have developed their laws and legal regulations directed on subjection of the citizens to the legal principles directed on protection of their rights and liberties.
There were various political philosophers to have propounded the Social Contract Theory, three of which were Thomas Hobbes, John Locke and Jean Jacques Rousseau. Hobbes’ and Locke’s views on the social contract were contrary to one another because they had varying views on governance.
This is possibly because the legal framework during the time of Plato was not a complete system (Rousseau 23). It is for this point that modern philosopher Thomas Hobbes found loopholes in Plato’s account of the theory. Thomas gave the theory a different interpretation and explained the concept from the viewpoint of a world without rules and regulations.
They were at the losing end according to her perspective. On the other hand, Brett was suggesting that "the profit-oriented corporation, using deceit" was to be blamed in the Pan Pharmaceuticals debacle. He was looking at the problem from the Social Contract Theory.
Hegel views the State as the embodiment of altruism that can bring justice to all individuals; hence the interests of the State must transcend those of the individual.
Hegel views the significance of the
The social contract theory focuses on the liberal tradition in political theory since it focuses on the equality, as well as political freedom of those who would like to enter into any political arrangement. The theory also
According to the report the social contract theory contends that morality entails a number of rules governing the social relationships of people and any reasonable person will be willing to abide by these rules given that the rest will do the same. Animals lack the ability to be rational and as such, they cannot be parties to a social contract.
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