Module title: Module ID: Submission date: Philosophy Published in 1942, the Stranger serves a distinguished play by renowned twentieth century French author Albert Camus. Written in the pattern of absurd drama, the author has elaborated the worthlessness of worldly life on the earth, and all the relationships related to man’s temporary abode on the earth…
Thus, the individuals should have the right to lead their life out of their own choice without having bars and limitations from the outer world; almost the same doctrine has been articulated by Nietzsche. Eminent German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche (1844-1900) ridicules over blind imitation of religious beliefs without analyzing their validity and significance in life. He vehemently censures the principles the purported religious dogmatism insists upon imposing and implementing moral values on humans with the promise of reward in the world Hereinafter. He lays stress upon seeking truth and knowledge as the vital things to explore the natural and social phenomena existing in the environment to recognize and search out the true concept of God. He cites Greek philosophers and declares few of them as the torch-bearers as well as carriers of wisdom and reality in respect of searching out proper evidence for the realities regarding different natural phenomena as well as the existence of God. Nietzsche is of the view that all the ideas that haunt human mind, related to good or evil, are not sent from the Lord, as there is no God according to him, nor from a higher moral law, since there is no such higher law. (Thomas & Thomas, 1971) On the contrary, these ideas, he states, have developed through the evolution of human mind. The greatest recent event—that God is dead”, that the belief in Christian God has ceased to be believable--- is even now beginning to cast its first shadows over Europe. (Book V 1887 343: quoted in Porter, 1997: 620) By this, he does not mean that God Himself has ceased to exist; rather, he submits to state that the ambiguous concept of God, presented in Judeo-Christian traditions, have no place in reality anymore. Nietzsche also cites a fictitious madman busy in searching out the god who cannot be explored because of the vague notions and hazy interpretations made by some theologians out of their traditional beliefs. All our ideas regarding good and evil has neither come from God. Nor from moral law; on the other hand, all the ideas are the outcome of cultivation process human brain has experienced after a long and continuous struggle of comprehending with the natural and social phenomena existing all around it. He argues that the actual good people were the kings and warriors who dominated over others by dint of their physical strength. But the weak and frail persons gave the idea of moral law to rule over the strong men. The weak individuals drew out laws on the basis of their intellect and declared these laws as the word of some Supreme Being named God. Hence, condemns the madman’s concept of God. “Have you not heard of that madman, Nietzsche states, “who lit a lantern in the bright morning hours, ran to the marketplace, and cried incessantly, “I seek God!, I seek God.”” (Aphorism, 125) The aphorism serves as a great satire on the hypocrisy and faithlessness of the so called torch-bearers of ethics and morality. The same can be witnessed in Camus’s protagonist Meursault in the play under-analysis. The title of the play is absolutely apposite one according to the character of the protagonist Meurs ...
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This could be the reason of Meursault's indifference towards anything. The character of Meursault does not really belong to the typical qualifications of a protagonist; the readers might have seen him as annoying rather than 'neutral' as what the character tries to project in the story.
Though “Neo-Platonism was the last breath, the last flower, of ancient pagan philosophy”, in St. Augustine’s perspective, it served as the initial stage of Christian philosophy for despite the apparent recognition of Judaism in establishing the foundations of Christianity as a religion, Christians have philosophized by way of utilizing metaphysical terms and concepts (Copleston, 1993).
The concepts used in this marvelous piece of writing have been the chief source of deriving the complex synthesis and implementation of intercultural communication. The major focus will be on effective communication. Introduction “Intercultural communication” is a diverse topic of in-depth research which gained its significance during 1960s and has been a major subject matter of different fields of study like Philosophy, Sociology, Anthropology, Economics and various other branches of social sciences (Scollon, Scollon and Jones, 2012, p.
Meursault is sentenced to death, because apparently, he is intelligent enough to have willfully done his crime, says the prosecutor. At the same time, his innocence is damaged by his inability to feel any strong emotion for his mother who just died. The theme of the novel is the absurdity of human existence.
We will analyze calms philosophy and then franks philosophy, further trying to find the similarities and differences in both the writers.
The story of The Stranger is narrated by a doomed character, Meursault, and is set between two deaths, his mother's and his own.
Cities are a vibrant net of inter connections, economic, social, cultural, and political and it is interesting to note how the ideas, creativities, hobbies, and interests jostle with each other in the cities. It is also gratifying to study how the social connections are recognised, formulated, followed and regulated.
of the crime of theft will be punished and third, approach perpetrator and tell him that taking items from the grocery store is a crime and that if he does not want to get into trouble with the law, he should either return the goods back in their places or pay for the goods
trine which makes human life possible and, in addition, declares that every truth and every action implies a human setting and a human subjectivity…existence precedes essence, or, if you prefer…subjectivity must be the starting point” (Sartre, cited in Daigle 10). This
What should people do if they recognize that they are extraneous in this world? Albert Camus has represented the story about such person in his novel “The Stranger”. This is a piece of art that never leaves the
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