Philosophy is a subject whose definition varies from one philosopher to the other. It referred to as the ideas man has about things, which entails the study to find out why things happen the way they do without depending on religious or mythical explanations. …
It was believed that the gods were volatile and unpredictable and thus man was at their mercy because they controlled everything. Philosophers introduced a very different line of thought, divergent from the first assumption. They are referred to as thinkers, implying that they ushered in an era where man started to come to conclusions about the issues of life through reason and observation. Philosophy has grown over the years and has been subject to religious and ethical; considerations. This is because religion and ethical standards determine how people act and philosophy tries to explain why things happen and how people act in certain ways.
Philosophical history started to appear in ancient Greece in the 6th century B.C.in the city of Miletus (Russell 3). This early group of philosophers is known as the Milesian philosophers because of the city they came from.These early philosophers may have had findings that would seem odd today, such as some claims made by one of the Philosophers, Thales, that everything was made of water and everything is full of gods, but all the same, it was the gods that triggered man to shift from his earlier position and to examine other ways to explore why things happened the way they did and why man also behaved the way he did. Man started to observe life from a completely new perspective due to the influence of philosophers. Ancient Greece went on to produce some of the greatest philosophers in the western world, and this revolutionized the whole world in its way of thinking as man started to thirst for and seek wisdom (Kenny, 19). Philosophy has been referred to by some people as the love of wisdom. Philosophy is important to man because it looks at basic issues through reason and observation, and thus enables us to choose the way to do things and also how to live with one another in harmony in any given situation and grouping. It enables man to come to conclusion about issues from a point of knowledge. Today, philosophy has developed over the years and covers mainly for different areas which are logic, epistemology, metaphysics and axiology. Logic involves the obtaining of knowledge by looking at the evidence and listening to the arguments brought forth and analyzing them philosophically (Brown). People may say what they do not mean but a philosopher can bring out the truth through philosophical reasoning. Epistemology, which is a branch of philosophy, is the ability to support what we believe with facts about it. It looks at what conditions must be satisfied so as to assert that what we say is true about something. As man makes statements about issues, epistemology is very important. Metaphysics is the study of what things exist, their nature and the reasons why they function the way they do. It also deals with examining why people behave the way they do. It examines whether it is through their free will or as a result of other factors. This is an important shift from the pre philosophy period where all was attributed to the gods and other personalities. It enables man to know his world better and even integrate better. Axiology is the study of different types of values, and these are beauty and art, social and political aspects and ethics (Brown). Political philosophy has facilitated the setting up of good political systems while ethical behavior is important as people live with one another in the world because it examines right and wrong and good and evil. ...
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What is Philosophy?
1.) Which of the philosophical issues covered this semester has been the most important and why so?
Among all the various philosophical issues that have been covered this semester, I consider Ethics as the most important. While the study of Metaphysics and Epistemology are the core important issues in philosophy, Ethics is considered an issue that is close to the daily problems that people deal with, and that is a matter that should not be overlooked.
The various concepts of truth laid by them resulted into number of theories explaining the truth. It’s a completely separate set of theories under the roof of Philosophy. There are number of claims which relate truth with the “likeness”, just because it fits well into the philosophy of mind.
Philosophical Conceptions of Justice.
Philosophical Conceptions of Justice People of diverse cultures and ethnicities make up the world. This means that different people perceive justice in different ways depending on the people around them and their ways of life and intellectual capabilities.
I think philosophy is sometimes difficult, but necessary in order to understand who we are, why we do the things we do, why we are here, and where we are going. True there are those who are able to seemingly live without philosophy, but nevertheless benefit from the insights of philosophy with regard to how those insights shaped and formed the very societies that they live in.
Bertrand Russell argues that knowledge is a form of union of self and inner self and he disagrees with the notion of what is unknown, created by human mind is not part of us, and does not require neglect. In this regard, Russell argues that the definition of philosophy loses its meaning since it is not inclusive of not self.
Early philosophies help to show the similarities and differences between the ancient and current moral and political thoughts. They also show how different concepts have been shifting with time and help people to find new ideas by applying the old ones. There two great philosophers who have contributed a lot of philosophical or political ideologies in history which are applicable in the current world namely; John Stuart Mill's and his philosophy of Utilitarianism and Immanuel Kant who greatly discussed Metaphysics of Morals.
Modern philosophy is philosophy done during the "modern" era of Europe and North America. The modern period runs roughly from the beginning of the seventeenth century until the present. There are two major figures of philosophy during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries namely: Rationalist and Empiricist.
The analysis after that establishment will use mainly contract, trust, wills, and probate law as examples of the necessity and practical value for a philosophy of law.
"The term philosophy derives from a combination of the Greek words philos meaning love and sophia meaning wisdom.
wn meaning and if projected particularly vividly, as during the Renaissance period in Italy, it can well translate into the manifestation of a signal that the person or family intends to convey to others.
In the context of Greek philosophy, death is seen as a means of achieving
Indian philosophy is the philosophical speculations of all ancient and modern thinkers (Radhakrishnan 67). They include Hindus, atheists, theists or non-Hindus. In Indian philosophy, the main schools of thought are divided into
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