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The Ontological : Anselm, Kant, Descartes and a Touch of the Buddha - Thesis Example
This study shall discuss the thesis that God, being that than which no greater can be conceived, must exist, for if he did not then it would be possible to conceive of an existent God, which would be greater than that which no greater can be conceived, which is absurd…
From this research it is clear that ontology includes the fundamental questions of being, the basic properties of what and how and how much and why of anything classifiable. This ontological argument speaks of God as the most non-reducible example of primary being. The idea is that when being is reduced to its ground source, there is God, and that beyond that point of fully reduced concept of ultimate being can be nothing because to imagine beyond that point means we were never yet at that point, in reduction, in the first place, and to argue otherwise is without rational defense. Kant responds to Anselm’s ontological argument with the observation that it is based on a confusing assumption. If God exists, this is a property of the world in which God is manifest, and not a property of God, since existence is not a property. He explains, in Critique of Pure Reason:
Being is evidently not a real predicate, that is, a conception of something which is added to the conception of some other thing. It is merely the positing of a thing, or of certain determinations in it. Logically, it is merely the copula of a judgment…Now if I take the subject (God) with all its predicates (omnipotence being one), and say, God is, or There is a God, I add no new predicate to the conception of God, I merely posit or affirm the existence of the subject with all its predicates – I posit the object in relation to my conception (Kant).