Kant expresses that the will of the people to treat others as an end rather than a means, defines the rightness of their action (Pojman and Tramel 23-27). He explains that human beings can only act right if they treat other people with fairness. Evidently, human beings consider the virtuous people as those who treat others fairly, with dignity and positive attitude. On this ground, the idea of Kant that moral rightness as the ability to treat others fairly is universally practical.
(Pojman and Tramel 23-27).Kant paints the image of a person as a legislator of kingdom, to direct people on how they should act morally. The interpretation of this statement is that human beings should act as if they are designing universal law that applies not only to them but also to other moral agents. In this statement, the philosopher urges human beings to act in such a way that their actions are exemplary and that others should follow the same direction. Thus, if one does a bad thing, then he invites others to act the same way, as this would be legislating a new law in the universal kingdom. On this ground, human beings should act in such a way that their actions are fairto others and the results of these actions are positive. Trammel (24) states that Kant’s philosophy can best be understood as being committed to the theme of rightness as fairness. From a close examination, Kant alludes to the idea that the morality of an action can be assessed by the extent to which it is fair to the recipient.
The role that morality should play in our lives is a topic that garnered attention from numerous philosophers. Wolf (419-439) is among the scholars who focused on the way human beings apply morals on their life. She states that human beings should not strive to live a saintly life as this was be too good to the extent of denying themselves happiness. She agrees that human beings should treat others not as a means but ...
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However, other theorists would argue that telling a lie is wrong whether said to save a life or to create good for people. Whatever the outcomes are the fact that telling a lie is telling a lie does not change under all circumstances. The former approach to ethics is a part of consequentialism; however, the latter is an example of deontological ethics.
Courage is another virtue that does not depend sacrificing people’s lives, but on moral courage, where people are not afraid to know and to accept the truth, as well as to use the truth to do what is right.
Virtue ethics focuses on implementing what is morally right. Virtue ethics Virtue ethics focuses on complying with moral ethics standards. Ethics focuses on doing what is right or correct and avoiding what is wrong or incorrect. Of the virtues, one virtue is justice.
These kinds of theories under the virtue ethics lay little or no emphasis at all on the kinds of rules people opt to select in favor of the others. The theory focuses on helping people have great character traits that are accepted in the society. Such characters are the ones that help people to develop well in life with such traits as kindness, as well as generosity.
nst Hursthouse’s claims on virtue, Johnson bases his claims on the fact that Hursthouse has specified a “fully virtuous person” in the circumstances she mentions. He sets out another category of virtue, referring to those who are not fully virtuous, i.e., sub virtuous. In
Each individual is able to have the virtues, and the habits provide people with the ability to fulfill such virtues toward nature or contrary to nature (Cited in Dwyer 68). Thus, Aristotle aimed at discovering the character
nsidering justice as a virtue, we are generally referring to an attribute of people, even though justice of person has various indications to social justice. “Justice as a virtue” is, in reality, unclear in its application to a human being in the social context.
Great philosophers such as Aristotle, Socrates and Plato had their propositions about what morality entails. Aristotle asked, “What is the good of man?”, whereas Socrates, Plato and others asked, “what
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