StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

What is Utilitarianism What are two objections to this view - Essay Example

Nobody downloaded yet
The man behind the Utilitarian concept is Jeremy Bentham and he weighed pleasure and pain as the consequence of one’s own action. More precisely, Utilitarianism refers to a concept where in the proportion of pleasure and pain is related to the course of action performed by a human being. According to this concept, only pleasure is good and pain is bad. The Utilitarianism concept can be considered as one kind of consequentialism, where the happiness is considered as the measuring tool to gauge the morality of an action. According to Bentham, only an action can be morally right if it brings utmost happiness to a person. If it is not bringing pleasure then the action is regarded to be wrong. Utilitarianism is an ethical theory which focuses on right and wrong based on an outcome of an action or a policy. This theory is not restricted around the interest of oneself but consider the goodness of other too. One of the principles of utilitarianism is that it gives high importance to the role of pleasure and pain in our life. Secondly, it considers an action good or bad based on its consequences. Thirdly, this theory equates goodness with pleasure and bad with pain. Thirdly, it acknowledges pleasure and pain as a quantifiable emotion. Bentham has also attached some criteria to measure pain and pleasure like intensity, certainty, nearness and duration. Moreover, the criterion of “extent” is used to quantify the actions which affect many numbers of people. Objections to Utilitarianism Objection One: The one objection to Utilitarianism is that, life is not all about physical pleasure but the aspects like virtue, knowledge matters too. Is life a phenomenon, where action can be gauged with pleasure and pain seeking emotional element? Is it not core valuable principle of ethics and morality the corner stone of life? It is satirical to think that one achieves physical pleasure by conducting ethical and moral principles in life. Physical pleasure cannot be regarded as an end to the mission of life. Moreover, virtue is accountable only if one performs selfless service which in turn is not a pleasure giving affect. Additionally, knowledge is acquired through pleasure but by hard work and by undergoing painful experiences. Here utilitarian concept cannot be applied as the objection proves that gains from pain taking experience are far more valuable than actions which give only momentary physical pleasure. Response: The response to the first objection is that, life should not be only concentrated and focused on physical pleasures. The aspect like virtue and knowledge matters a lot when it comes to the issue of psychological pleasures of a human being. If a person has knowledge and good character he can gain self confidence and self realization which is far more superior to physical pleasure. . A man’s life should very well reflect morality, modesty and sacrifice. These elements might not give pleasure to a person, but they indeed prove his character to be valuable and divine. Moreover, acquiring knowledge requires hard work and the benefit of being knowledgeable is that one acquires wisdom. To acquire wisdom, one must go through various experiences in life and these actions are mostly less pleasure giving. For example, Socrates was a great Greek philosopher, who led an extremely simple life. He Life was not at all luxurious but his knowledge and virtue was par excellence. He never committed any action to achieve happiness but followed justice and morality. He experienced real mental happiness in practicing virtue and ethics but did not opt for physical pleasure as he defined senses as illusionary. Objection Two: Another objection is that, ...Show more
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“What is Utilitarianism What are two objections to this view Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.net/philosophy/78024-utiliarianism
(What Is Utilitarianism What Are Two Objections to This View Essay)
https://studentshare.net/philosophy/78024-utiliarianism.
“What Is Utilitarianism What Are Two Objections to This View Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/philosophy/78024-utiliarianism.
  • Cited: 0 times

Summary

Only an action can be morally right if it brings utmost happiness to a person. If it is not bringing pleasure then the action is regarded to be wrong. Utilitarianism is an ethical theory which focuses on right and wrong based on an outcome of an action or a policy…
What is Utilitarianism What are two objections to this view
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"What is Utilitarianism What are two objections to this view"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Check these samples - they also fit your topic

Utilitarianism. Jeremy Bentham (1748-1832) and John Stuart Mill (1806-1873)
Mill and Bentham Jeremy Bentham (1748-1832) and John Stuart Mill (1806-1873) are the two historical figures most closely associated with the philosophy of Utilitarianism, which seeks to ground moral reasoning in a calculation of utility by judging actions on the basis of the degree of goodness, happiness, and pleasure that they produce socially or personally through situational results.
9 pages (2250 words) Essay
Sterling Harwoods Objections to Utilitarianism
The paper throws light on utilitarianism that is condemned due to its failure of containing intrinsic ethical significance. Utilitarianisms take full advantage of the effectiveness that they produce. The utilitarian theory suggests that contentment is its main concern since it is intrinsically good.
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
Mills utilitarianism
Resultantly, they steered their thoughts to make their "simple explanations" more comprehensive, trying to engulf the entire complexity of human existence with effects of surroundings, nature within and without and myriads of other factors. Net result is that they finally land into complex explanations of human behavior or requirements of behavior; the very same place which they tried to avoid in the first instance.
9 pages (2250 words) Essay
Objections
To accomplish both simultaneously, compensation becomes imperative, as it shows to the customer, that the administration is trying to make a genuine effort on order to facilitate matters. This can be in different forms. Either the customer can be given an entirely new product in exchange of the complain item.
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Berkeley provides (at least) two objections to Lockes
which Locke defined as “nothing in the objects themselves but powers to produce various sensations in us.” While Locke’s theories have largely held up to criticism through the years, not everyone has agreed with him. Berkeley, for instance, has several objections. In
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Utilitarianism
Utilitarianism is based on the “general happiness principle” or the “principle of utility” (PU). Actions are moral if they promote general happiness, and they are wrong if they will reduce general happiness. Among several actions, the right action promotes
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Utilitarianism
The doctrine of utilitarianism rest on the worldview of maximizing benefits for all members of the society. As a result, the theory views actions from its impacts on involved stakeholders.
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Utilitarianism
It is identified that the Utilitarian views are entirely different from its contemporary philosophical theories of morality. Under certain circumstances, even homicide is justifiable under Utilitarianism. This paper will discuss in what kinds of circumstances
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
Utilitarianism view on a dilemma
The basic relationship, which can be explained by the term, is between the happiness and the consequences. We can say that the philosophy says that the decision of any moral and ethical action may depend upon the resultant
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Utilitarianism
From this, the two categories of happiness and unhappiness arise: happiness that signifies presence of pleasure and no pain, and unhappiness represent pain without pleasure. Two people known to be the leading
3 pages (750 words) Essay
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment
Let us find you another Essay on topic What is Utilitarianism What are two objections to this view for FREE!
Contact us:
+16312120006
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us