Humans are the only beings who realize their mortality and are able to make a death the most sensational topic for discussions. Inevitability of own death is accepted by people not as an abstract verity but something that is able to bring the biggest emotional shock and touch the deepest feelings of personal inner world. To find the answers on the questions of life sense and existence of life after death, mythology, religion, philosophy and even art present numerous arguments to support both sides of the coin. The theme of life and death is everlasting and essential for the spiritual culture of humanity in all its manifestations. This permanent philosophical matter is widely covered in print and broadcasting media. Reflecting about possibility and existence of eternal life is intriguing, first of all, because we do not know the exact explanation with the lack of doubts in its veracity. Everything that is unconceivable and unknown causes interest and stimulates imagination. The problem of death and everything that concerns it has been mentioned since ancient times by Plato. Humanity may have a great hope for the existence of life after death; however, there is no any certainty or scientific proof for conjecture. The only thing left is to make assumptions, which are able to form person’s belief and positive attitude or distrust and rejection. The discussion of death may cause various reactions including even groundless prejudices and undisguised fear. However, among respectable scientists, there are a lot of optimists who present persuasive arguments to believe that after death human’s soul does not disappear. One of such literary works that stimulates thinking process and force people to review own opinions is the article of Andrew Dell’Olio, who claims that near-death experience (NDE) is a valid ground to believe in eternal life. Due to the stories of people who have experienced near-death, it has been concluded that when a person dies, the brain still remains its activity and consciousness; otherwise it is hard to explain how people who return to life remember everything that has happened in addition to the new visions that they have seen during the death of the body. According to the statistics, the number of clinical deaths increases because of the technological development and innovations implemented to the medical services, which help to revive a person after death. Therefore, today there are more and more people who have had NDE and based on their memories and feelings some significant conclusions can be made. Despite ambiguity of philosophers’ attitude, Dell’Olio tries to find out whether there is a rational basis to believe that NDEs prove the eternal life. It is evident that studies on the matter of near-death should take into account such factors as mind and body illnesses of the patient and the nature of personal identity. In spite of the fact that life after death is genuinely philosophical issue, it is fair to admit that there is a tendency of philosophers to ignore this question mostly because of its over popularity and urgency. Materialists consider that NDE does not represent any interest for philosophy simply because it is only hallucinations, which are caused by the decrease of brain’s activity. Basing his argument on the religious aspects, Dell’
PHILOSOPHY ON HUMAN NATURE Philosophy University’s Name Philosophy on Human Nature Among all the questions that are interesting simultaneously for science, philosophy, religion and literature, it seems the most urgent and at the same time the most disputable and vague is the query about the sense of life…
I think this is because philosophy attempts to analyze the general and specific problems pertaining to human existence like self, values, mind, matter, reason, knowledge, existence, etc. Still, the crux of the matter is that the entities constituting the focus of the discipline of philosophy will have no relevance, in the absence of the mind that ponders upon them.
According to Nash (2010), the nature of philosophy is the way people live and view the world. It points out clearly how people live a life without a god. Nash (2010) argues further that philosophy is a way of comprehending the world around us.
To discuss the views of Hobbes and compares it with the views of other philosophers, it is important to understand the different influences on Hobbes which shaped his overall work. Hobbes’s most of the work is either a reaction to the religious doctrines and authority of that time or it was more oriented towards the emerging new mean of understanding truth through scientific method.
In my opinion, Shakespeare’s view of human nature and political reality is in line with Kant’s. Regardless of the different natures of knowledge, history play versus philosophy, the two distinct accounts have shared the same view on human nature and political reality, which is human beings have selfish instincts and have tendencies to abuse their freedom and their power.
He argued that nevertheless reason is very useful & it leads us to the judgment between good & evil, but when it comes to motivation it is the passion which leads & the reason behaves like a slave of it. Human emotions are not subjected to reasons & they are stronger than logics & previously defined ethics.
Pictures and images are suitable to those only who lack more sophisticated expressions (Falzon 3). Plato has stated in Plato's Cave that when inside the cave, shadows on the wall are taken as real by persons not enlightened but the truth is that one need to come out in the sunlight to see reality.
He is the person who famously said that a great man is he who does not lose his child's heart.
Based on the philosophy of human nature from Confucian school of thought, Mencius (c.371 - c.289 B.C) developed his philosophy rooted in the principle that man by nature is good and remains so, as long as his wishes are fulfilled.
e 10-15th century (often referred to as the golden years of Islamic philosophy) philosophers such as Al-Farabi, Ibn Bajjah and Ibn Tufayl owed a large debt to Aristotle’s conventional thought in Politics, all three great thinkers constructed their own separate insights.
The reason is, among many things, one puzzling thing about human nature is its complexity. It would be easier to understand the human nature if we just consider this creature a creature of habit, but it is not