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Analogy, Marginality and Action. Peter Singer’s “Famine, Affluence, and Morality” Analysis.
Pages 4 (1004 words)
Peter Singer’s “Famine, Affluence, and Morality” is another point of view of utilitarianism as a philosophical theory or can be considered a relative of the utilitarian concept. Among his assumptions include our duty to prevent what is bad, and promote what is good…
In the fifth paragraph, Singer emphasized that helping starving people is a moral obligation by people, but granted that it does not sacrifice anything that is “comparably” important. For instance, if by donating a hundred dollars in a foundation that feeds starving children and families in Africa would cost the life of your child who also needs the money for her operation, then one will be spared of guilt by keeping the money for his child’s operation instead. In other words, if a person acknowledges he or she can feed a single family in Africa by donating his money allotted for a fancy smart phone, then his action is morally justifiable and is fulfillment of duty. Another important assumption in Singer’s essay follows that proximity and distance are also factors in extending our moral duties to our fellow humans despite the fact that other people around us are not feeling obliged to do so. He emphasized that numbers cannot be used as a plausible excuse for not helping other people who are badly in need because we acknowledge that by donating without considering other people’s interest can actually save a single life or two. ...
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