Name Instructor Course Date Bad Faith Existentialist Philosophers came up with the issue of well being, with the perception that existence comes first before essence. In constructing theories centered on being, such philosophers went further by setting a premise for the ideas…
Sartre’s definition of the term “By Faith” In his view of existentialism philosophy, Jean-Paul Sartre finds a way to address fundamental freedom in the life of man. To him, one must be responsible for the choices he makes in life, when there is no preset human nature or total, outward standards. When Sartre realized that such freedom was in excessive for individuals to handle, he suggested that they respond to this situation by using the same freedom to deny that it really exists. This is when he came up with a concept to illustrate the whole issue; Bad Faith. Sartre uses the concept of Bad Faith when talking about individuality, authenticity, and self-realization. He focuses upon the essential freedom that is experienced by every human being. He used the concept to mean any kind of self-deception than deny freedom of humanity. To him, it happens when a person attempts to rationalize his or her actions or existence using science, religion, or any other belief system that has a meaning or reason on a living man (Santoni 156). To Sartre, Bad faith is identified with falsehood. It is a lie to one’s self basing on the condition that a person distinguishes the lie to him or herself from lying in general. He views lying as a negative thought, but bad faith does not regard consciousness itself, rather seeks solely for the transcendent. An individual who practices bad faith hides displeasing reality or presents untruth as a pleasing truth. It implies in essence, the harmony of one consciousness. Bad faith is not a state, thus a person is not infected with it, and neither can he undergo it. There must be a rationale behind this act; this rationale implies an understanding of the act and a pre-reflective anxiety of consciousness as affecting itself with bad faith. People fail to truly be the authors of their own lives, yet they are conscious of their bad faith. However, one can exist in bad faith, a fact that does not mean that he lacks abrupt awakenings to good faith or cynicism, rather implying a stable and specific style of life. Such a person is embarrassed when the act is at its extremes, and he cannot understand nor reject bad faith. The motive behind self-deception, according to Sartre People use bad faith to try to avoid trouble that comes along with the recognition that their existence has no rationality except for what they themselves create. Bad faith therefore comes from the inner self of a person and is a choice on its own. Individuals use their freedom to keep away from dealing with the consequences brought about by that freedom due to the respective responsibilities entailed by those consequences. However, in some instances, an individual will shun from being responsible by attempting to choose consciously. Through holding on to easy, safe, false choices, and disregarding the mass of other choices accessible to him, an individual puts himself at the mercy of the conditions in which he finds himself in. Therefore, such an individual is more like an object than a conscious being. People tend to pretend to themselves that they lack the freedom to choose by following pragmatic ideas and assuming responsibilities and value systems that are unfamiliar to their nature as conscious people. Self-deception can also be intentional, based on the dynamic paradox. A person may develop bad faith as a result of believing that it tends impossible to intend to get himself to believe what he ...
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