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“Happiness is the meaning and the purpose of life, the whole aim and end of human existence.” ? Aristotle “The man who makes everything that leads to happiness depends upon himself, and not upon other men, has adopted the very best plan for living happily.
As with all opinions, just because they are diverse, does not mean that one is right, or one is wrong. Aristotle’s views, while not necessarily congruent with Plato’s views, do show a strong influence as a result of what Plato taught. Plato’s discourses are heavily influenced by the Pre-Socratics and Sophists, and none too little influenced by Socrates himself, however, while they may show those influences, the views are entirely his own. Plato’s primary literary form was the dialogue; he would use two characters of opposing sides arguing each point with the other in order to show both sides of the philosophical question and in doing so, allow his true views to show through. In The Allegory of the Cave, an excerpt from Plato’s Republic, the reader receives some insight into what Plato believes “the good life” to be. Plato speaks first of the State, and discussing how it can be tailored to be the best that it can be, speaking of how “the State in which the rules are most reluctant to govern is always the best and most quietly governed, and the State in which they are most eager, the worst (The Allegory of the Cave, 4).” This is one of the more influential teachings of Plato’s in relation to Aristotle, something that will be touched upon later. ...
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