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(Name) (Class) (Lectures name) 13th February 2013 CORRUPTION (insert section) Corruption is an abuse of office by a public official for private gains. It is a deep rooted vice that involves embezzlement, bribery and nepotism. In the world, corruption is widely spread in developing countries due to social and economic problems.


Such public servants take bribes before offering services to the large population that need attention from them. The practice is high in government offices that deal with processing of documents and public hospitals. Grand corruption This form of corruption is rampant in the highest ranks of the government. It is mostly perpetuated by high-ranking officials and is highly visible in authoritarian and dictatorial government settings. However, emerging democracies have embraced division of labor in the government thus trying to combat the vice. The executive, judiciary and the legislature are therefore allowed to operate independently from each other. Systemic corruption This occurs where there is a widespread of corruption activities in the society mainly caused by weaknesses of an organization or governance process. It is encouraged by low pay in organizations, lack of honesty, impunity, monopolistic governance, discretional powers and conflicting incentives. It includes extortion, embezzlement and bribery of public officials. In this occurrence, corruption becomes a necessity for survival. Spread of corruption Corruption is widespread in the society. It has corroded every aspect of our society ranging from government institutions to private institutions. ...
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