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Such public servants take bribes before offering services to the large population that need attention from them. The practice is high in government offices that deal with processing of documents and public hospitals. Grand corruption This form of corruption is rampant in the highest ranks of the government. It is mostly perpetuated by high-ranking officials and is highly visible in authoritarian and dictatorial government settings. However, emerging democracies have embraced division of labor in the government thus trying to combat the vice. The executive, judiciary and the legislature are therefore allowed to operate independently from each other. Systemic corruption This occurs where there is a widespread of corruption activities in the society mainly caused by weaknesses of an organization or governance process. It is encouraged by low pay in organizations, lack of honesty, impunity, monopolistic governance, discretional powers and conflicting incentives. It includes extortion, embezzlement and bribery of public officials. In this occurrence, corruption becomes a necessity for survival. Spread of corruption Corruption is widespread in the society. It has corroded every aspect of our society ranging from government institutions to private institutions. Joseph in the book political corruption describes all institutions as being corrupt from the core (42). Right from childhood, children become corrupt because of the examples they see from the older generations. Hence, corruption can be said to be a deep-rooted problem in the society Philosophical issues related to corruption Corruption is a social problem in the world today. Due to corruption, innocent people suffer at the expense of corrupt leaders. Corruption has led to the following: Increase in poverty in the society Corruption is a game of survival for the fittest. The corrupt individuals are able to increase their income and safeguard their wealth as compared to the middle class individuals. This has led to increase in the gap between the rich and the poor. In countries where corruption is widespread, the level of economic development is very slow because funds that could have been used in the developments are lost. Hence, such countries remain poor. Lack of good health care and education In most of the developing countries, corruption has led to under-utilization of government funds. Such funds could have assisted in the provision of health care. Most public hospitals are therefore left without medicines and qualified doctors. The lack of good health care has led to an increase in child mortality rates. Moreover, corruption has led to loss of funds, which could have been used in the education sector. Public schools are therefore left without books while in some cases teachers are underpaid hence are not well motivated to provide their services. Destroys love for patriotism. Patriotism is the love and passion for ones country. Through patriotism, the citizens are able to actively involve themselves in nation building and hence the economy of a country develops. Acts of patriotism have been the driving force for the youth to join the military and defend their own country in times of war. However, corruption kills the love and appreciation for your country. A person from a corrupt country will not be proud to be associated with his/her own people. This results to economic ...Show more

Summary

(Name) (Class) (Lectures name) 13th February 2013 CORRUPTION (insert section) Corruption is an abuse of office by a public official for private gains. It is a deep rooted vice that involves embezzlement, bribery and nepotism. In the world, corruption is widely spread in developing countries due to social and economic problems…
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