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The roots of Jean-Paul Sartre’s Existentialist-Marxist understandings are deeply embedded in the objects of freedom (analytically) and personal struggle (history/personal struggle). It is not only impractical to separate Sartre from his time-period, it is impossible.
Dissolution of people’s identities both spiritually and historically were being realized through the tragedies of World War I and World War II. Combining these significant destructions with new perspectives concerning Psychology (through Freud, Jung…), Philosophy found a seemingly different path explaining “who we are” and “what is our purpose” as humans. Sartre was heavily influenced by literature and art and through this media suggested an approach to perceiving the world as it is; ugly, grotesque’, self-absorbed. This movement towards a more realistic or negative view of life differed greatly from the “Hope” offered by Leibnitz, Aquinas and other ‘positivists’. Accordingly, Sartre felt the backlash from “Hopeful-ists” resulting in Sartre’s “Existentialism Is a Humanism” lecture in Paris, France 1944. In “Existentialism Is a Humanism”, Sartre spells out what Existentialism actually is. Sartre says there are two kinds of Existentialist “the Christians...and atheistic existentialists” (Sartre 4) the latter being the group Sartre belongs to. It seems like a curious distinction as the two should, intuitively, be seen in contrast rather than comparable. ...
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